Answer each question in 50 to 150 words. Provide citations for all the sources you use.
1. What is diversity? Why is diversity valued?
Diversity is defined in the dictionary as "the condition of being different." A crucial mistake many people make is to equate diversity with "race" and "culture". They think diversity is about "what Hispanics are like" or "what Europeans are like". “This approach is inherently flawed because it reinforces stereotypes and promotes an "us versus them" mentality. Diversity extends far beyond race and culture to include a number of dimensions of differences”. Loden and Rosener (1991). Valuing diversity recognizes differences between people and acknowledges that these differences are a valued asset. It also respects individuality while promoting respect for others.
2. What is ethnocentrism? In what ways can ethnocentrism be detrimental to a society?
Ethnocentrism is defined as the “belief in the intrinsic of the nation, culture, or group to which one belongs, often accompanied by feeling of dislikes for other groups”. Ethnocentrism. (n.d.). Ethnocentric individuals believe that they are better than other individuals for reasons based solely on their heritage. Clearly, this practice is related to problems of both racism and prejudice. Ethnocentrism is a powerful force that weakens human relations. Ethnocentrism can be detrimental to a society, because it can lead to false opinions about the differences with cultures which then can often lead to falsified communication between the majority human beings.
3. Define emigration and immigration.
Emigration refers to the process by which a person leaves his place or country of residency, to relocate elsewhere. Immigration means to come to a country of which one is not a native, usually for permanent residence.Therefore, the difference between emigrate and immigrate relates to the point...