Sociology

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Week 2 Quiz
Soc 1 WEEK 2 Quiz

25 questions on this quiz
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1: The totality of learned, socially transmitted customs, knowledge, material objects, and behavior is known as culture.
society.
socialization.
social structure.
2: Which of the following is an aspect of culture?
using American Sign Language
watching the Super Bowl game
eating in fast-food restaurants
all of these
3: General customs and practices that are found in every culture are called cultural integration.
cultural diffusion.
cultural universals.
cultural relativism.
4: In his research, George Murdock determined which of the following to be a cultural universal? war
astronomy
funeral ceremonies
all of these
5: The tendency to assume that one’s own culture and way of life represent the norm or are superior to all others is called culture shock.
cultural relativism.
ethnocentrism.
value stability.
6: George Ritzer’s concept “The McDonaldization of society” refers to the placement of a McDonald’s franchise in every community with more than 5,000 inhabitants by the year 2010. the domination of numerous sectors of societies throughout the world by principles initially used by fast-food restaurants. the existence of a fast-food franchise in countries throughout the world. the placement of a McDonald’s franchise in every community with more than 5,000 inhabitants AND the domination of numerous sectors of societies throughout the world by principles initially used by fast food restaurants. 7: The physical or technological aspects of our daily lives are called norms.

material culture.
nonmaterial culture.
values.
8: A basketball arena, an airliner, a slice of pizza, and a television set would all be considered examples of xenocentrism.
nonmaterial culture.
material culture.
argot.
9: Culture lag is
the totality of learned, socially transmitted behavior.
viewing people’s behavior from the perspective of one’s own culture. the physical or technological aspects of our daily lives.
a period of maladjustment during which the nonmaterial culture is still adapting to new material conditions. 10: In the U.S., professional gamblers, Armenian Americans, teenagers, and nudists are all examples of cultures.

countercultures.
subcultures.
contracultures.
11: The use of the terms “g-man,” “honey boat,” and “airmail” by sanitation workers in New York is an example of an argot.
a taboo.
linguistics.
nonverbal language.
12: Which sociological perspective argues that subcultures often emerge because the dominant society has unsuccessfully attempted to suppress a practice regarded as improper, such as the use of illegal drugs? functionalist perspective

conflict perspective
interactionist perspective
feminist perspective
13: Culture shock is
the act of viewing people’s behavior from the perspective of one’s own culture. the feeling of surprise that is experienced when people witness cultural practices different from their own. being unaware of the existence of other cultures.

a set of beliefs and practices that helps to maintain powerful social, economic, and political interests. 14: An abstract system of word meanings and symbols for all aspects of culture is called material culture.

sanctions.
language.
argot.
15: A hypothesis concerning the role of languages in shaping cultures was created by linguist(s) William F. Ogburn.
Edward Sapir and Benjamin Whorf.
W.I. Thomas.
George Murdock.
16: Which sociological perspective would be most likely to suggest that nonverbal communication, such as the frequency of individuals touching each other during a conversation, varies from one culture to another? functionalist perspective

conflict perspective
interactionist perspective
feminist perspective
17: Norms are
rules governing specific behavior.
rules deemed highly necessary to the welfare of a society.
rules commonly made by a government for the welfare...
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