TITLE: INDIVIDUAL AND ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE AND RESPONSES TO CHANGE
Table of Contents
Other forms of changes9
Responses to Change12
Change has various definitions but one underlying factor about change is that it is the transformation from a status quo position, to a new position. This new position can either be positive or negative.
Human beings undergo changes in many ways in their lives. The most notable changes that individuals undergo are the developmental changes as an individual grows and passes through the various stages of growth. These are as detailed below:- 1. Infancy: Birth to 18 Months
Ego Development Outcome: Trust vs. Mistrust
Basic strength: Drive and Hope
This stage referred to as infancy is also called the Oral Sensory Stage where the major emphasis is on the mother's positive and loving care for the child, with a big emphasis on visual contact and touch. Once passed successfully, people learn to trust learn to trust that life is basically okay and have basic confidence in the future. If one fails to experience trust and is constantly frustrated because his/her needs are not met, they may end up with a deep-seated feeling of worthlessness and a mistrust of the world in general. This trust helps people later in career life in developing team spirit as they interact with colleagues and become part of the team in a work place.
2. Early Childhood: 18 Months to 3 Years
Ego Development Outcome: Autonomy vs. Shame
Basic Strengths: Self-control, Courage, and Will
During this stage we learn to master skills for ourselves. Apart from learning how to walk, talk and feed ourselves, we also learn finer motor development as well as the much appreciated toilet training. Here people have the opportunity to build self-esteem...