Indian Shipping Industry Overview

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ng EXPORT-IMPORT BANK OF INDIA

OCCASIONAL PAPER NO. 142

INDIAN SHIPPING INDUSTRY: A CATALYST FOR GROWTH

Exim Bank’s Occasional Paper Series is an attempt to disseminate the findings of research studies carried out in the Bank. The results of research studies can interest exporters, policy makers, industrialists, export promotion agencies as well as researchers. However, views expressed do not necessarily reflect those of the Bank. While reasonable care has been taken to ensure authenticity of information and data, Exim Bank accepts no responsibility for authenticity, accuracy or completeness of such items.

c Export-Import Bank of India
October 2010

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CONTENTS

Page No.
List of Tables List of Exhibits List of Box Items Executive Summary 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 1. 2. 3. 4. Introduction Global Scenario Indian Scenario Indian Shipbuilding Industry Role of Shipping in Mitigating Climate Change Challenges and Strategies Indian Shipping: Top Ten Projects The IMO Package for Reducing CO2 in Shipping Industry Relevant Policies Currently Under Consideration at the Marine Environment Protection Committee Business Partners Involved in the Establishment of a KG-Fund 96 5 7 7 9 25 27 43 60 67 73 93 94 95

Annexure

Project Team: Mr. S. Prahalathan, General Manager, Research and Planning Group Ms. Renuka Vijay, Manager, Research and Planning Group

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List of Tables
Table 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. Title Chief Shipping Lanes in the World Development of International Sea Borne Trade World Sea Borne Trade in 2008, by Country Groups and Types Of Cargo World Fleet Size by Principal Types of Vessels Top Six Countries with the Largest Controlled Fleets (as of January 1, 2009) Top 35 Flags of Registration with the Largest Registered Deadweight Tonnage (as of 1 January 2009) Nationality of Top 3 Major Open and International Registry Fleets (as of 1 January, 2009) Maritime Engagement of 25 Major Trading Nations (2008 trade data) Average LSCI Rankings of Country Groups, 2009 Existing and Emerging Drivers for Future Maritime Transportation Distribution of Indian Shipping Tonnage During 01.01.2009 to 31.10.2009 Share of Indian Shipping in India’s External Trade (2007-08) 45 Traffic Handled at Major Ports Capacity Utilization at Major Ports Cargo-wise Traffic Handled at Major Ports 2009-10 Development of Indian Shipping Tonnage Progress of TRANSCHART Capacity Utilization at Major Ports Movement of Cargo by Major Transport Categories List of Towns of Excellence Comparison of Logistics Cost 46 47 48 75 77 78 80 86 87 44 38 41 33 32 31 29 30 Page No 26 27 28

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List of Exhibits
Exhibit 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. Title Page No 28 34 43 45 49 60 61 62 63 64 68 68 69 70 82 88

World Fleet by Principal Types of Vessels Baltic Dry Index and Freight Rates (Nov 2007 – July 2010) Growth of Indian Fleet Composition of Indian Fleet LNG Imports by India and World World Shipbuilding Statistics World Completions by Types of Vessels, 2008 Orderbook of Select Countries and the World Indian Shipping: Orders Booked till 2011-12 Ship-Breaking Statistics for Select Countries, 2008 Trends in CO2 Emissions and Fuel Consumption by Shipping Industry Comparison of CO2 Emissions from Shipping and Other sectors in the Total World Emissions Comparison of CO2 Emissions Between Different Modes of Transport World’s Largest Emitters of CO2 from International Marine Bunkers Select Sectors Using KG Funds Turnaround Time at Select Ports

List of Box Items
Box 1. 2. 3. 4. Title World Bank’s Logistics Performance Index (LPI) Shipping Trade Practices Bill Basic Structure of KG Model India’s Offer Under WTO’s Maritime Transport Services Page No 52 59 83 91

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EXECUTIvE SUMMARY

The growth in international trade, removal of trade barriers being the principal reason, has made the developing countries to concentrate more on the improvement of their infrastructure, like...
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