Indian Ocean Trade|
Global Trade System beginning in the 1500s|
Indian Ocean Trade
Global Trade System beginning in the 1500s
The Indian Ocean, considered the third largest ocean, is located between Australia and Antarctica. This Ocean is a major sea lane connecting the Middle East, East Asia and Africa with Europe and the Americas. The Ocean is essential because of its location. The location helps to boast the production of trade global around the world. It is rich with resources such as natural oil and marine life. The ships that travel the ocean contain over half the world’s international trade cargo and shipment. The trade system is the way of life for people all over the world. It is the way we operated day to day activity. The trade system was just getting started in the 1500s. In the early 1500s, it was said that voyages of exploration taught the European mariners how to sail around the world and return home safely. The European mariners were determined to learn how to sail around the world, in order to take over the trade system. Once the mariners started to sail they started building trading post around the Eastern region. When the posts were in place they attempted the commercial spice trade with little success, this last for many centuries. The Portuguese built on the earliest trade post of all the empires. They started the empire with a goal. The goal was not to conquer all of the trade routes but to force the merchants to fortified their trade sites and pay duties at the sites. By the mid-sixteenth century, the Portuguese had more than fifty trading posts in West Africa and East Asia. On the lands of Vasco da Gama is where the Portuguese started trading slaves in West Africa. The slave trade was of the more important trade systems. The Indian Ocean was one of the oceans that slaves were shipped from; it was also a part of the Trans-Atlantic slave trade. Most of the slaves were taken from their homes in many parts of the south Saharan desert. Most of the slaves were under educated and didn’t know what was going on. Gold was really their major concern. The slaves were traded in exchanges for the gold and anything else they could get. In was in Mozambique were they attempted to take over the South African gold trade. Mozambique is located southeastern African, it borders the Indian Ocean. The location was very substantial because is centralized which helped trade to move more swiftly. Many commanders sailed the seas of the Indian Ocean. On commander in particular, was Afonso d’ Alboquerque. Alboquerque was the commander over the Portuguese forces in the Indian Ocean. He was in command during the sixteenth century when the Portuguese vessels were able to overpower the crafts they encountered and were very trained on the cannons onshore. He had many strategies in place in order to gain control of the Indian Ocean trade. His first thing was to seize the fleets of Hormuz in 1508, then Goa in 1510, and Melaka in 1511. He sought by having all the merchants ships to purchase safe passes and present them a Portuguese trading post. His policy was if the ship did not have a pass when they entered the trading post they were subject to confiscation with all of their cargo. Even though the Portuguese had many forces they could not overturn the commanders’ orders. With all the affects of the commander Alboquerque, by the late sixteenth century the Portuguese had no influence on the trading post and began to weaken. After the Portuguese began to weaken many of the followers, which included Spanish, English, and Dutch sailors began their own investors in other land parts and put together expeditions to Asian markets for trade.
Like many of the others, the English and Dutch built many trade posts in Asian and had many trade channels. The Dutch and English merchants stood at the top when the developed the trade posts. This gave them an edge over the...