Indian Railways

Topics: Indian Railways, Rail gauge, Rail transport Pages: 8 (2284 words) Published: November 17, 2010
Indian Railways (Hindi: भारतीय रेल Bhāratīya Rail), abbreviated as IR (Hindi: भा.रे.), is the state-owned railway company of India, which owns and operates most of the country's rail transport. It is overseen by the Ministry of Railways of the Government of India.

Indian Railways has more than 64,015 kilometres (39,777 mi)[5] of track and 6,909 stations. It has the world's fourth largest railway network after that of the United States, Russia and China.[5] The railways traverse the length and breadth of the country and carry over 20 million passengers and 2 million tons of freight daily.[6][7] It is one of the world's largest commercial or utility employers, with more than 1.6 million employees.[6][8] As to rolling stock, IR owns over 200,000 (freight) wagons, 50,000 coaches and 8,000 locomotives.[6]

Railways were first introduced to India in 1853. By 1947, the year of India's independence, there were forty-two rail systems. In 1951 the systems were nationalised as one unit, becoming one of the largest networks in the world. IR operates both long distance and suburban rail systems on a multi-gauge network of broad, metre and narrow gauges. It also owns locomotive and coach production facilities.

Initially, the Indian railways were both designed and built by the British, during their colonial rule of the subcontinent.

Contents [hide]
1 Organisational structure
1.1 Railway zones
1.2 Recruitment and training
1.3 Subsidiaries
2 Technical details
2.1 Traction
3 Services
3.1 Passenger
3.1.1 Accommodation classes
3.1.2 Notable trains and achievements
3.1.3 Fares and ticketing
3.1.4 Tourism
3.2 Freight
3.2.1 Dedicated Freight Corridor
4 Rail budget and finances
5 Issues
6 Reforms and upgrades
7 See also
8 Notes
9 References
10 External links

[edit] Organisational structure
Main article: Indian Railway organisational structure
Indian Railways is a department owned and controlled by the Government of India, via the Ministry of Railways. As of May 2010, the Railway Ministry is headed by Mamata Banerjee, the Union Minister for Railways, and assisted by two ministers of State for Railways. Indian Railways is administered by the Railway Board, which has a financial commissioner, five members and a chairman.[

Railway zones

A schematic map of the Indian Railways network, showing the various zones. The headquarters of the Indian Railways in New Delhi
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Mumbai First Railway Station in India. Also World Heritage SiteIndian Railways is divided into zones, which are further sub-divided into divisions. The number of zones in Indian Railways increased from six to eight in 1951, nine in 1952, and finally 16 in 2003. Each zonal railway is made up of a certain number of divisions, each having a divisional headquarters. There are a total of sixty-seven divisions.[10][11]

The Delhi Metro is being built and operated by the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Limited (DMRC). The Government of India and the Government of Delhi jointly set up a company called the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) on March 5, 1995 with E. Sreedharan as the managing director.He is Padma Vibhushan awardee(Second highest honour) by Government of India[17] It is no way connected to Indian Railways.[12]

Each of the sixteen zones, as well as the Kolkata Metro, is headed by a General Manager (GM) who reports directly to the Railway Board. The zones are further divided into divisions under the control of Divisional Railway Managers (DRM). The divisional officers of engineering, mechanical, electrical, signal and telecommunication, accounts, personnel, operating, commercial and safety branches report to the respective Divisional Manager and are in charge of operation and maintenance of assets. Further down the hierarchy tree are the Station Masters who control individual stations and the train movement through the track territory under their stations' administration.

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