Hydrology

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UNIVERSITY OF CAPE COAST

FACULTY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES

DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY AND REGIONAL PLANNING

COURSE TITLE: GEOMORPHOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY

COURSE CODE: GEO 302

INDEX NO: SS/BSS/10/0010.

QUESTION

What is Hydrology?

Hydrology is an essential field of science since everything from tiny organisms to individuals to societies to the whole of civilisation depends so much on water. Water is, therefore, an essential resource that is required by all life on earth and covers about 70% of the earth surface. Hydrologists all over the world use scientific knowledge and mathematical principles to mitigate water- related problems in society and environmental protections. More specifically hydrologist studies the chemical properties, biological interactions and the physical processes. Hydrology is the broad term for a variety of scientific branches of study concerning water .Translated from the Greek, Hydrology means “the study of water”. It has evolved as a science to try and understand the complex water systems of the earth, to study and predict how water will behave under different circumstances as it moves through the land phase of the water cycle. Hydrology can, therefore, be defined as the science that encompasses the occurrence, distribution, movement and properties of the waters of the earth and their relationship with the environment within each phase of the hydrologic cycle. The domains of hydrology include hydrometeorology, surface hydrology, hydrogeology, drainage basin management and water quality, where water plays the central role. A practitioner of hydrology is a hydrologist, working within the fields of earth or environmental science, physical geography, geology or civil and environmental engineering. Hydrologists play significant role in the society and hence, their activities might include: Hydrometric monitoring and water quality measurement

* maintaining monitoring network to record river flows, water levels in rivers, lakes...
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