Human Rights

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Term Paper|
Status of Human rights in Pakistan|
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AUTHORS:
Ali Faraz 12l-4087
Ahmad Ali 12l-4105
Junaid Nadeem 12l-4212
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Muhammad Abdullah 12l-4084

Table of Contents
Introduction5
Brief History of Human Rights:5
Human Rights in Pakistan:6
Purpose:6
Children’s Rights:8
Definition of children rights8
History of Children’s Right Movement:9
Children’s Right in Pakistan:9
General observations on the situation of children in Pakistan:9
Children in Army:9
Children refugee:9
Discrimination:10
Trafficking of children:10
'Honor' related crimes to children:11
Inadequate education provision:11
Child labor:12
Labor Rights:12
Contract of Employment:14
Termination of the Contract:14
Working Time and Rest Time:14
Paid Leave:15
Women’s rights17
Literal meaning17
Islamic Point of View17
Women's rights in Pakistan18
Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Government:19
Zia-ul-haq's military regime:19
Benazir Bhutto Government:20
Nawaz Sharif Government20
Pervez Musharraf's regime21
President Asif Zardari21
Investigations and Reports22
Conclusion22
Citizen's Rights23
Civil rights23
Security of person:24
Safeguards as to arrest and detention:24
Right to fair trial:25
Freedom of movement:25
Equality of citizens25
Political rights26
Freedom of assembly:26
Freedom of association:26
Recent scenario:27
Other Rights28
Inheritance Rights:28
Introduction:28
IN THE CONSTITUTION OF 197329
Condition of Inheritance in past29
Condition of rights of Inheritance at present30
Expected condition of rights of inheritance in future30
Right to Education:31
PAST CONDITION OF EDUCATION:31
PRESENT CONDITION OF EDUCATION:32
FOR THE BETTERMENT OF EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM:32
FUTURE CONDITION OF EDUCATION:33
References/footnotes33

Introduction

Brief History of Human Rights:
In the course of human events, Battles have not changed the shape and structure of human society but, philosophical movements are mainly responsible for revolutionizing the social, political and national character of human society.

The basic code of human rights was introduced by Islamic philosophy and it is universal recognition for liberty of thoughts, freedom of religious belief and equality of opportunity and rights. In today’s world the UN charter of human rights serves as the foundation of the declaration of human rights. It sums up the definition of human rights quite precisely “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights .They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act toward one another in a spirit of brotherhood.” The UN Charter of Human Rights Article 1

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Human Rights in Pakistan:
At the time of creation of Pakistan, the first basic charter adopted by the legislative assembly was the “objectives resolution”. It declared freedom of speech, thoughts and movement, and religion for every citizen. The people were to have equal status and equal rights for education and health in the state of Pakistan. The first constitution of 1956 provided civil liberties for every Pakistani. The state of Pakistan declared as “Islamic republic of Pakistan” would protect basic rights of every citizen, irrespective of color, race and religion. With democratic Process present constitution (1973 constitution) was passed by National Assembly, Which adopted all the human rights charter presented in the “Resolution of objects”. This ensured that by law every citizen was granted proper rights. In fact, the state infrastructure is lacking in solid framework. Therefore, in Pakistan protection of human rights for general public is not possible at all. The condition is practically hopeless; there is a vital need for...
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