Hsc 4222-372

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Unit 372

1.1 Why is it important to recognise and respect an individual’s heritage? Because peoples heritage is part of their culture. The more you understand about it the more you understand the person and the reason they do some of the things they do. You have a heritage and it is why you were brought up with the beliefs and standards. You want people to respect that, so you should give the same respect. It’s also a part of history which has helped us evolve throughout this world. You may not like it or agree with it, but you should at least learn a bit about it before you make a decision and still respect it. 1.2 Compare the experience of dementia for an individual who has acquired it as an older person with the experience of an individual who has acquired it as a younger person.

Younger people with dementia may have different needs to people aged over 65 requiring a different type of service or a response appropriate to their age. In general, younger people with dementia are more likely to: Be in work at the time of diagnosis, have dependent children, have heavy financial commitments such as paying a mortgage, have a rarer form of dementia with which professionals are less familiar, find it difficult to rationalise losing skills at such a young age, find it more difficult to access appropriate information and support. Much of the support for people with dementia comes from family and friends, who provide unpaid care. Younger people with dementia are more likely to have younger partners and family, who may be in work and/or education. This may mean that their friends and family are also less available to provide support for them. The specific needs of younger people with dementia have been recognised in the dementia strategies and plans in England (2009), Northern Ireland (2011) and Wales (2011). There is also reference made to younger people with dementia in the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) guideline

1.3. How can the experience of dementia be different for individuals

a. who have a learning disability

Dementia generally affects people with learning disabilities in similar ways to people without a learning disability, but there are some important differences. People with a learning disability are at greater risk of developing dementia at a younger age - particularly those with Down's syndrome: often show different symptoms in the early stages of dementia are less likely to receive a correct or early diagnosis of dementia, and may not be able to understand the diagnosis may experience a more rapid progression of dementia. May already be in a supported living environment, where they are given help to allow them to live independently. May have already learned different ways to communicate (e.g. more non-verbal communication if their disability affects speech) will require specific support to understand the changes they are experiencing, and to access appropriate services after diagnosis and as dementia progresses.

b. who are from different ethnic backgrounds

The first issue to be aware of is that we are all influenced by our cultural background? What we have learned when growing up. In other words, culture is relevant not just to people from other cultures but to all of us. A second issue is that a person is more than their cultural background. Individuals from one cultural background are not all the same as each other. A person’s identity is also shaped by, among other things, their own personality, education, family experience, socioeconomic status and life experience. While we should always be aware of and sensitive to a person’s cultural background, it is important not to make assumptions about the person just because they are a member of a particular CALD community (The Cultural and Linguistically Diverse). When looking at the field of dementia, one way of incorporating a person’s cultural background is through the concept of person-centred care....
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