April 20, 2006
The main goal for the project "How to do business in Argentina" was to show how a Multinational Company must approach different aspects like government, laws, society, culture and infrastructure when facing the challenge of doing business in other countries. First, we will do a short review of some important background aspects such as its geography, its localization and main geographical characteristics. We will also analyze historical events and political factors that influenced society, culture, economy and development of the country. The government system, economic factors such as inflation and GDP, technological factors and labor market characteristics will also be explained during the project. Secondly, we will analyze the history and the practice of the organizational relations between labor unions and management. Moreover, we will explain the different control activities and relations between government and business. The project will also analyze cultural characteristics such as individuals' position in the society, gender role, relationship between different genders and different ages, workers and their attitudes toward work, time management, authority, competition and cooperation with coworkers. Finally we of conclude with recommended managerial activities based on all the background and general information collected for this guide. Country Information
Argentina is located in South America. It is the second largest country of the region after Brazil. It has an area of almost 3.8 million square kilometers and represents 2.8 % of the continent. Approximately 50% of its area is plains (grasslands and savannahs), 20% are plateaus, 20% are mountains, and the remainder is in the Antarctic. Argentina has borders with Uruguay, Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia and Chile in a perimeter of 9,376 Km. Argentina's main characteristic is the contrast between the eastern plains and the Andes mountain range to the west. From the north to Tierra del Fuego in the south, Argentina presents big contrasts: the plateaus, the lake region, the forests and glaciers in the Patagonia. The Pampas, in the center of Argentina, is the largest and best known area of plains and industry. Agricultural and livestock activities are performed in this area, which includes the city of Buenos Aires, Rosario, Cordoba, Mendoza y Mar del Plata. By 2004, the population in Argentina was over 39 million people, almost half of which live in the city and the province of Buenos Aires. 97 % of the population is white, mostly of Spanish and Italian ancestry. By 1995, the literacy rate reached 96.2 %.
2. Historical Information and Political Factors
The most representative period of political and social changes started when Juan D. Peron, an army colonel, emerged as the strongman winning the presidential elections of 1946 and 1951. Opposition to Peron's increasing authoritarianism led to a coup by the armed forces which sent Peron into exile in 1955. Argentina entered a long period of military dictatorships with brief intervals of constitutional government that ended in 1973. The former dictator returned to power in 1973. After Peron's death in 1974, the nation was in an economic and political collapse. In 1975 the cost of living rose 355%. On March, 1976, a military junta began the "dirty war" to restore order and eliminate its opponents. While violence declined, the economy remained in chaos. In April, 1982 General Galtieri invaded the British held Falkland Islands, also known as the Malvinas Islands. Great Britain won a decisive victory and as the 1983 elections approached inflation reached 900% and Argentina's crippling foreign debt reached unprecedented levels. In 1991, Carlos Menem became president and promoted economic austerity measures that deregulated businesses and privatized state-owned industries. But beginning in September, 1998, eight...