Hong Kong International Airport

Topics: Hong Kong International Airport, Lantau Island, Air pollution Pages: 13 (4149 words) Published: February 7, 2013
Hong Kong International Airport

Students Name/ ID No. : 1. Lee Pin Lit
2. Ng Wei Han
3. Yong Zi Lip
4. Lee Leong Yong
5. Loo Jia Long

Lecturer Name : Shervin Motamedi ( M. Sc )

Table of Contents

* Introduction
* Design
* Construction Stage and Process
* Intentions of management or designer
* Environmental risk mitigation
* Conclusion

Introduction :
Hong Kong International Airport is one of the greatest civil engineering projects and spectacular airport in the world. Starts it serving purpose in July 1998 and sticks to four serving purposes which are Safety, Operational Efficiency, Customer Convenience and Environment leads them to almost 50 times recognition of world’s best airport. HKIA was previously named as Chek Lap Kok Airport .It was built by land reclamation at the island of Chek Lap Kok and as the replacement for old Hong Kong airport, Kai Tak Airport. The construction of HKIA was not about the airport solely but the roads, bridge, tunnel and bridge links to the airport also. Prior to this project, studies had been carried out by Public Works department and Hong Kong Civil Aviation. Their aims were to identify a new suitable airport site and found that airport away from congested city ,the flight path will be routed over the South China Sea instead of the urban area, thus enable the operation of multiple runway at day and night. In order to reduce the noise pollution and disturbance to the citizens, the airport was eventually built on a large artificial land formed between the Chek Lap Kok and Lam Chau islands, reclaiming 9.38 km² of the adjacent seabed and this project was believed to be the most expensive airport project. The airport consists of two runways and terminals but in order to allocate more demands of passengers and increase the runway capacity for long term advantages, third runway construction process is currently in progress. The well-planned HKIA is definitely a good example of sustainable construction product and well-equipped by lot of facilities such as Hong Kong Business Aviation Centre, Intermodal transportation hub, Aircraft maintenance services, Airport based ground services and Baggage and cargo facilities.

Design :

Hong Kong International Airport is one of the most important airports in the world. For the design part, the design of the airport gave a great contribution to the development of sustainable infrastructure. Since the airport has major parts, for examples terminal 1, terminal 2, concourse and others buildings etc, each of the design of the part takes count in making the airport sustainable. In this case study, we will mainly talk about the terminals and runway of the Hong Kong Airport, which is the most important part in explaining the sustainable infrastructure. There are currently 2 terminals for the Hong Kong International Airport, which are terminal 1 and terminal 2. Terminal 1 is known as the third largest terminal in the world, which covers an area of 846000 m2. For terminal 2, it covers an area of 140000m2 and a SkyPlaza in it which offers the retail stores and entertainments to the passengers. It is good to know that the whole wonderful masterpiece is designed by the Foster and Partners. But for the terminal 2, is it designed by the Skidmore, Owings and Merrill architecture firm. First of all, we will discuss about the design of the terminal. For the two terminals, both of them are designed and have been taken consideration for the people or passengers who need special requirement. The low-kerb drop-off areas are designed for the specials needs passengers. To take care of the passengers, the Arrivals Halls and The Departures Halls have only 1 level difference and there are lifts, escalators and ramps to help them access to these levels. For the ramp, it is specially made with a gradient of 1/20 to make the movement of the wheelchair passenger easier. Besides, inside the...
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