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History and Theory

By | June 2013
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History and Theory

The viewpoints if Sigmund Freud and Carl Rogers have similarities and differences. Both have made significant contribution to the psychology field. The theories from Freud and Rogers are still used in modern psychology. Freud is best known for creating psychoanalysis and Rogers is renowned for developing the person-centered therapy. The subject of this paper pertains to Freud’s and Rogers’ views of their respective theories, how different their theories would be if they were alive today, and how social and cultural factors influenced the development of their respective theories of personality. Sigmund Freud's Views

Freud’s psychoanalysis is a system of therapeutic treatments and interpretations for psychological disorders. Freud became interested in psychoanalysis after he spent time studying with a French neurologist named Jean-Martin Charcot. Freud believed that organic symptoms did not cause hysteria in an individual’s nervous system. Freud was convinced that emotional disturbances caused hysteria. Freud developed psychoanalytic techniques to treat people suffering mental disorders. Carl Jung and Alfred Alder joined Freud in his venture in using his new techniques. Freud used psychoanalysis to focus on early childhood because he believed that conflicts originated in the human mind during the early years of an individual’s life (Rudnytsky, 2008). Freud’s psychoanalysis was developed to form a distance or separation between the client and the psychologist during therapy sessions, but clients rather have more interaction with the psychologist. Psychoanalysis has made a significant influence on psychiatric methods used in therapy sessions. In today’s psychology field, psychiatrists focus on a client’s current experience. Psychoanalysis is presently used in the psychology field, but newly developed techniques in neurobiology and cognitive psychology are beginning to overshadow Freud’s ideas (Rudnytsky, 2008). Carl...
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