Art History - Sigmund Freud

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Sigmund Freud
Sigmund Freud was one of few amazing physicians. He was born in 1856 in a small town in Freiberg, where he then moved to Vienna around the age of four (Freud X). When Freud was seventeen years old he began his scholarly career at the University of Vienna, eight years later he completed with a degree in physiology and neurology (Freud X). Freud was the father to many great theories and ideas that are still used today in psychology. Freud was the father of psychoanalysis, came up with the model of the mind, the structure of personality, psychosexual stages and developmental processes, defense mechanisms, and had a way of analyzing dreams. Freud was also an influential contribution to surrealism art; having impacted artist like Salvador Dali and Michael Proust. Sigmund Freud truly impacted the world in many different ways and is still greatly appreciated in this modern day.

Sigmund Freud is most known for being the father of Psychoanalysis, “a therapeutic method by which repressed desires are brought to a conscious level to reveal the sources of emotional disturbances” (Fiero 381). Freud used free association with his patients; by building a trusting relationship, allowing them to open up their minds letting out all repressed feelings, which allow patients to gain insights to their problems, as well as taking away the resistance factor that patients hold on to so tightly (Myers 494). By Freud using psychoanalysis he allowed his patients to take charge for their own development, “giving them insight into the origin of their disorders” (Myers 494). Using psychoanalysis Freud had other steps that influenced his therapy with patents, helping him help them figure out their problems and or disorders.

One influential step Freud used for all patients is referred to as “The Model of the Mind” or “Iceberg Model”. This model is broken up into the conscious mind, preconscious mind, and the unconscious mind. The conscious mind is ones current momentary awareness; everyday meaning, sensations, and experiences that we are aware of at any given moment (Myers 420). An example of the conscious mind would be a dog barking or the sound of the garage door opening. Preconscious is the “middle divider” between conscious and unconscious; this part of ones mind is the storage of memories, perceptions, and thoughts that one is not consciously aware of at the moment yet can pull them up at any given time (Myers 420). For example long-term memory, songs, and ones childhood would be apart of the preconscious mind. The unconscious, which is the most important part of the mind for people dealing with disorders, is the “hidden” part of us; ones unconscious mind is home to instincts, wishes, desires, secrets, and traumatic events (Myers 420). Our unconscious mind is the drive for all of ones behaviors; it is the forces that are unseen and uncontrolled. This is material is hard to retrieve, which is why Freud used psychoanalysis to open up ones mind to get into ones unconscious mind and find the root of the problem.

All humans are hard wired to have and good and bad side, which is what Freud, explained in his “Structure of Personality” basically amplification human nature in a nutshell. The structure of personality is a three-part structure involving ones id, ego, and superego; these parts of the personality connect directly to the model of the mind. The id is unchangeable the “reservoir for instincts and libido corresponding with the unconscious”, satisfying bodily needs: what we want, when we want it, without regards to how where going to get it (Sutherland 57). Being our primary process of thinking, the id has no awareness for reality thus is the part of one that is selfish and pleasure pursuing housing our: sex drive, aggression, instincts, passions drives, and impulses (Myers 421). Secondary thought process is our ego; which is ones reality testing, dealing intelligently and rationally with the outside world developing the...
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