Guidance

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GUIDANCE WORK WITH INDIVIDUALS

Career planning is a process which helps someone to make a well informed realistic decision (WIRD) about a career. It is a step by step process to help make a transition and can help to measure the progress made (route map) by first establishing which way is forward.

Step One:Engagement / Motivation. The first step is the most crucial one. There could be a number of reasons why someone is not engaging, such as fear or attitude. A person first of all needs to be engaged and committed to planning for their future before any of the other steps can be made.

Step Two:Formula. This is the process which helps you understand and own a rational method to make a well informed realistic decision. You have to think about how important work is and where it fits into your life, identify what you hope to gain, what you can offer and also to identify what work demands from you.

Step 3 & 4Self Awareness and Opportunity Awareness. This stage helps you to become self aware and also aware of the opportunities that are available to you.

Step FiveLocate Opportunities. This step will help you to find opportunities, for example – where they are advertised.

Step SixApproach Opportunity Providers. At this stage you should be aware of the different methods of applying for opportunities

Step 7 & 8Selection Process and Selection Outcome. This stage helps you to be aware of both the skills and knowledge needed to be able to progress forward. Clients can gain further support from Connexions at this point on mock interviews and interview techniques.

Step 9Appraise Planning. Things can and often do go wrong, even with rational planning. If the plan does not work out, you have been empowered with new career planning skills, which will help you to move on as the direction the client will be moving in is forward.

I feel that the nine steps are easy to follow as they are broken down into logical and easy to follow steps. The main factor of this process is that the continuum will only work if the client is ready and willing to take charge of their own career planning. This is the most difficult step as there are many barriers to young people engaging in their own career planning, for example: family problems, drug use, motivation problems, negative peer group or family work ethics.

Theory provides a framework within which the adviser can make sense of views the client presents. This helps us to clarify personal belief and assumptions and at the same time provides a base for personal reflection and can raise challenges. Theory helps us to set standards and provides a framework for us to which we can measure our own best practice and achievements and also set standards. Theory helps us to make sense and understand the views a client is making which can be different to our own. Theories also serve as a structure of our own personal beliefs and helps put them into a more cohesive, conscious framework. Therefore it provides a neutral foundation to assess the client needs and helps us to identify factors to empower clients from the clients own perspective.

Differentialists state that through guidance you should be able match people to certain jobs beacuse everyone is different and it should be possible to characterise the differences in order to match people to jobs. This can be done through measuring a persons personality, aptitude and inteligence and then measuring jobs in the same way should help you to find a match ie square pegs into square holes. A typical example of differentialism is KUDOS and Adult Directions which are computer packages that asks so many questions, such as ‘Do you like working with children’. The client then chooses a response ranging from like, likevery much to dislike, dislike very much. Once all the questions are answered the package calculates the answers and gives a list of careers that the client may is best suited to . The good point of this...
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