Written by Gatot Haryadi
Poverty is number one of the world problem. United Nation set “End Poverty and Hunger” as number one in Millennium Development Goal that should achieve in 2015. Grameen Bank is Bank that operates in Bangladesh since 1976 focusing giving loan to the poor. When other bank reluctant to give loan to the poor, Grameen Bank did it very well. Until now Grameen Bank has 8.35 million borrower, 96 percent is woman and Loan recovery rate is 96.67 percent. Grameen Bank has a great contribution to reduce poverty in Bangladesh. According to a recent Grameen internal survey, 68 per cent of Grameen borrowers' families of Grameen borrowers have crossed the poverty line. The remaining families are moving steadily towards the poverty line from below.
What Grameen Bank did has inspiring people around the world to do the same in their country. According to Micro Credit Summit Campaign report, in December 31, 2010, number of Micro Finance Institutions already reach 3.652 institutions, has over 205 million clients. 137 million of who were among the poorest when they took their first loan. Of these poorest clients, 82.3 percent, or 113 million, are women.
Muhamad Yunus, Founder of Grameen Bank.
When we are talking of Grameen Bank, its identical with the founder, Muhammad Yunus. Muhammad Yunus was born in 28th June, 1940 in Chittagong Bangladesh. Before he founded Grameen Bank, Muhamad Yunus was lecturer at Chittagong University. In students field trip to the a poor village, Prof Yunus is interview a woman who made a bamboo stools. The woman said that she borrowed 15p to buy raw bamboo material for each stool made. The rate is so high, so she was left with a penny profit margin.
Prof Yunus get his own pocket money to lend the woman with small interest and its work. He go to the bank ask bank to lend the money to the poor, but the bank said, they are not credit worthy.... [continues]
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