Globalization: Synopsis

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Introduction

Globalization, which is fundamental element of this work, is a powerful and real aspect of the new world system that represents one of the most influential forces in determining the future course of the planet. It has many dimensions such as economic, political, social, cultural, environmental, security, and others.

This peace of paper is firstly focused on describing concept of globalization, its origin, four types of changes, and several examples of globalization. Secondly is mentioned why and since which time globalization is considered more negatively as positively. Then writing shortly illustrates some example of positive as well as negative impact of globalization. Finally are briefly described some chosen examples of negative form of globalization such as terrorism, spreading diseases, creating bigger gap between some parts of the world, expansion of crime.

However globalization is phenomena often used in nowadays society, there are no unified opinions weather is good or not. This is the purpose of the assignment. To pointed out also some negative impact of globalization. To be people aware even they have lot of opportunities to travel it still has some negative consequences in form spreading diseases, crime ad so forth.

Globalization

The globalization lacks precise definition, however, the term globalization covers a wide range of distinct political, economic, and cultural trends. It has quickly become one of the most fashionable buzzwords of contemporary political and academic debate. Globalization is often used as synonym for phenomena such as free market, economical liberalization and growing dominance of western also known as Americanization. In other words the sharing of goods and culture from country to country is called Globalization.

According to Appadurai (2001) there are five types of globalization: * Ethnoscapes - movements of people, tourists, immigrants, refugees, and business travelers * Financescapes - global flows of money, interconnected currency markets, stock exchanges, and commodity markets * Ideoscapes - the global spread of ideas, political ideologies, and social movements * Mediascapes - the global distribution of media images, celebrities, what's hot and who's who * Technoscapes - the movement of technologies around the globe The driving idea behind the globalization is free market capitalism - the more country lets market forces rule and the more it opens economy to free trade and competition, the more efficient country’s economy will be. Globalization means the spread of free-market capitalism to virtually every country in the world.

Many people use to thing that globalization has become commonplace only in the last two decades. Over the 20 years, for instance, more and more of United State’s goods and culture have made its way around the globe as well many goods from countries such as China, Brazil, Chile have made their way to United States. But already Friedman recalled that globalization is not a new phenomenon. From the mid 1800s to the late 1920s the world experienced a similar era of globalization. If we compare the volumes of trade and capital flows across borders, relative to GNPs, and the flows of labour across borders, relative to populations, the period of globalization preceding World War I was quite similar to the one we are living through today (Friedman, 2000).

Globalization is characterized by four types of changes. First, it involves a stretching of social, political, and economic activities across frontiers, regions and continents. Second, it is marked by the intensification of flows of trade, investment, finance, migration, and culture. Third, it can be linked to a speeding up of global interactions and processes, as the development of worldwide systems of transport and communication of ideas, goods, information, capital, and people. And, fourth, the growing impact of extensity, intensity, and velocity of global...
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