-Describe the impact of globalisation on current education policies and programmes in Malaysia,
Globalisation, an unseen force has affected tremendously nations around the world. It has affected many aspects namely economic, the society, communication technology and even education policies. In this case Malaysia is no free from the affects mainly on its education policies and programmes. As the year progresses, our nation is melding the younger generation to be an all-rounder and are marketable in international job worlds. Described impacts of globalisation can be included as the following: the use on the international language and preparing them for the tertiary level, second, the use of the information technology and third, the culture of teaching and learning process.
There are many international languages that loved to be referenced as the world language including English, French and Chinese Mandarin. Since there are many countries globally prefer using English, therefore the power of English is globalised worldwide. Malaysia, a multicultural ethnical country, we have the Bahasa Melayu which is our lingua franca, English, Mandarin and even Tamil. The government has realise the importance of English worldwide in the education line when they did op to the changes of the teaching and learning process of Mathematics and Science which was changed from Bahasa Melayu to English . This is one of the policies that the Malaysian government has come up with which is called PPSMI. Since English is being introduce as world language and needing it for the higher learning due to the impact of globalisation, Malaysia has come up with the policy of extending the credit hours of teaching Bahasa Melayu and English. For example, in national schools today, 4 hours each was allocated for the teachers to teach these two languages. Besides that, even Year One student would have an extra 90 minutes a week to learn English in 2011. The impact of globalisation of the English language makes the students here being taught more in English and be more levelled with international students in tertiary level. Nevertheless, the globalisation impact of English has changed policies in Malaysian education
Information communication and technology (ICT) cannot run away from globalisation as globalisation starts off with communication technology. As for today, even education needs technology for teaching and learning process as it allows and helps the teacher and learner to study better with all the aids like notebook, projectors and even webcam. In Malaysia, based on the National Education Philosophy (FPK) to develop intellectual people in Malaysia, the Smart School program is one of the examples of globalisation impact on ICT. The introduction of the Smart School is one of the seven flagships applications under the Multimedia Super Corridor initiatives. Due to the vast needs of the information technology, this school has its own attempt where to systematically transform the schools teaching and learning process just to prepare student to face the information age due to globalisation. They would have computerized smart school management system where everything would centralise and would be browser-based teaching and learning. The smart school project has 4 waves for implementation which ends this year (2010). In advanced, ICT has played its role to impact the globalisation in education mainly in Malaysia’s education programs.
Since we are no more in the ice age but in the information age, the culture of teaching and learning differs too as it has become more globalised. The use of computer laboteries, the School Net project, WebTV and SAC programs are implemented by the Malaysian government as to take the impact of globalisation. School access centres (SAC) is one of the 4 programmes that has been introduced linking with ICT to pop up the new culture of...