What is the K to 12 Program?
The K to 12 Program covers Kindergarten and 12 years of basic education (six years of primary education, four years of Junior High School, and two years of Senior High School [SHS]) to provide sufficient time for mastery of concepts and skills, develop lifelong learners, and prepare graduates for tertiary education, middle-level skills development, employment, and entrepreneurship Salient Features
How will K to 12 help in ensuring employment for our graduates? •
The K to 12 Basic Education Curriculum will be sufficient to prepare students for work. •
The curriculum will enable students to acquire Certificates of Competency (COCs) and National Certifications (NCs). This will be in accordance with TESDA Training Regulations. This will allow graduates to have middle-level skills and will offer them better opportunities to be gainfully employed or become entrepreneurs. •
There will be a school–industry partnership for technical–vocational courses to allow students to gain work experience while studying and offer the opportunity to be absorbed by the companies. What would be the assurance that K to 12 graduates will be employed? •
DepEd has entered into an agreement with business organizations, local and foreign chambers of commerce, and industries to ensure that graduates of K to 12 will be considered for employment. •
There will be a matching of competency requirements and standards so that 12-year basic education graduates will have the necessary skills needed by the labor market. •
Entrepreneurship will also be fostered in the enhanced curriculum, ensuring graduates can venture into other opportunities beyond employment. What will happen to the curriculum? What subjects will be added and removed? •
There is a continuum from Kindergarten to Grade 12, and to technical-vocational and higher education. •
The current curriculum has been enhanced and has been given more focus to allow mastery of learning. •
In Grades 11 and 12, core subjects like Math, Science, and Languages will be strengthened. Specializations in students’ areas of interest will also be offered. Will teacher salary increase as a result of the K to 12 Program? •
The K to 12 Program will not result in a teacher salary increase because there will be no additional teaching load or additional teaching hours. •
Salary increases for other reasons, such as the Salary Standardization Law, inflation, promotion, and Performance-Based Bonuses (PBB), may apply. DepEd lacks resources to address its current input shortages. With K to 12 and its added resource needs, how will this be addressed?
All input shortages will be wiped out before the end of 2013. A 1:1 ratio for student-to-textbook and student-to-seat will be achieved within the year. Shortages in classrooms, teachers, and toilets will be fully addressed next year. •
One scheme for Senior High School is to front-load all needed capital investments, take a grant or loan from government and private banks based on annual budget, and pay the amortization yearly. •
We also have the support of local government units and private partners to build the needed infrastructure. Is Kindergarten a pre-requisite for entering Grade 1?
Yes. Republic Act No. 10157, or the Kindergarten Education Act, institutionalizes Kindergarten as part of the basic education system and is a pre-requisite for admission to Grade 1. Public schools will admit children who have not taken Kindergarten into Grade 1 until SY 2013-2014. I like this program but I’m worried about additional cost to families. How will government respond to this difficulty? •
Kindergarten and 12 years of basic education is offered for free in public schools. •
There are additional indirect costs, but government agencies are collaborating to provide programs that will enable everyone access to quality education, especially to those with lesser means. •
Proposals such as the expansion of the Education Service Contracting (ESC) scheme under the...
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