First Aid Awareness

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CHAPTER II
REVIEW OF LITERATURE
This chapter presents the conceptual and research literature, which are related to the present work. Such studies help the researchers very much in giving information in its questionnaire and provide the needed frame of reference by which this study was conducted.

Some published articles, literary materials and unpublished master’s thesis, which are significant of the present study, are also presented in this chapter. CONCEPTUAL LITERATURE
First aid is applied to injured or ill persons in any health threatening setting in order to save life, prevent degradationof the situation, or contribute to a treatment process before professional medical care is available. First aid refers to assessments and interventions that can be performed by a bystander (or by the victim) with minimal or no medical equipment. Basic life support (BLS), includes maintaining the safety of the scene where the accident occurs, opening airway, providing mouth-to-mouth ventilation, and external chest compression, and represents the most crucial step in first aid. Cases in which circulation is arrested for more than five minutes, can result in irreversible brain damage or even death. Therefore, in general, life-saving BLS procedures should immediately be applied non-professionals, who happen to be nearby at the time of the incident. (The Need for First Aid Awareness among Candidate Teachers, 2011) First aid and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitationare types of emergency care that are rendered to an injured individual. First aid is the immediate help given to a victim of injury or sudden illness until appropriate medical help arrives, or the victim is seen by a healthcare provider (National Safety Council, 2007). The first recorded history of first aid dated back to 1099, when a religious order of knights were trained to administer medical treatment to the wounded during the crusades (Sovrin First Aid and Health & Safety Training, 2007).

First aid training is...
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