Paediatric Emergency First Aid
1.1 Identify the responsibilities of a paediatric first aider.
I should aim to preserve life, prevent the condition worsening, and promote recovery.
-Remain calm at all timesAppear confident and reassuring
-Conduct a scene surveyAssess the situation without
Endangering my own life.
-Conduct a primary surveyIdentify and assess the extent of the Illness, injury or condition of the casualty.
-Attend to the needs of otherEnsure their safety and manage children or bystandersbehaviour. -Send for medical helpAmbulance, police or emergency rescue services (as a first aider, I should always stay with the casualty and send someone else to call for help if possible)
-Give immediate, appropriate treatmentto preserve life, prevent the condition worsening and promote recovery -Take appropriate precautions to minimise infection
Protect yourself and casualty by using appropriate techniques and equipment
-Arrange for further, qualified medical attention
Transporting the casualty to hospital or arranging for medical examination. -Reporting and recordingVerbal and written records, completing accident and incident reports -Maintaining first aid equipment, including first aid kits
Ensure equipment is up-to-date and first aid kits are well stocked -Keeping up-to-date with first aid procedures
Take part in regular updating and training
1.2 Describe how to minimise the risk of infection to self and others.
I should do the following to minimise the risk of infection to self and others:- * I should always wash my hands before and after giving first aid treatment * I should always wear disposable gloves for dealing with any first aid situations involving blood or other body fluids (e.g. vomit) * Cover the casualty’s open wounds with appropriate sterile dressings * Make sure my own cuts or sores are adequately covered by plasters * Use appropriate protective equipment where my own safety may be put at risk, e.g. face shields * Dispose of any soiled dressings (e.g. blood soaked), or other first aid materials, in appropriate clinical waste disposal bags.
1.3 Describe suitable first aid equipment, including personal protections, and how it is used appropriately. First aid equipment usually consists of collection of supplies for administering first aid, minimising the risk of infection and personal protective equipment (PPE). A first aid kit must be easily identifiable and clearly labelled, usually with a white cross on a green background. It is important that first aid equipment is easily accessible and not locked away, it should be clearly signed. The first aid box should be checked regularly to make sure that nothing is damaged and nothing is missing. The contents of a first aid kit may vary slightly depending on the policies and procedures of the setting. Some settings do not use plasters or cleansing wipes because of allergy risks for children. General first and kits should never contain medicines of any kind, even basic painkillers. First aiders are not qualified to give medicines to children as they do not know the medical history or any allergies the child may have. A standard first aid kit will usually contain the following: * Sterile dressings of different sizes (e.g. sterile gauze pads, eye pads) * Bandages of different types and sizes (e.g. triangular, roller, finger bandages) * Adhesive tape (non-allergenic)
* Disposable gloves
* Safety pins
* Disposable face shields
* Disposable thermometers
1.4 Identify what information needs to be included in an accident report/incident record, and how to record it. It is important that all settings complete a specific from to accidents and incidents, these forms are completed for this purpose. * It is a legal requirement
* It provides a record in the...