History of F.W.Taylor
Frederick Winslow Taylor (March 20, 1856 – March 21, 1915) was an American mechanical engineer and inventor that applied his engineering and scientific knowledge to management and who sought to improve industrial efficiency ·
FW Taylor was Born on March 20, 1856 to a wealthy quaker family in Germantown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S. and passed away at d age of 59 on March 21, 1915 because of Influenza ·
He is regarded as the father of scientific management and was one of the first management consultant ·
Taylor was one of the intellectual leaders of the Efficiency Movement and his ideas, broadly conceived, were highly influential in the Progressive Era. ·
Taylor obtained his degree of Mechanical Engineer from Stevens Institute of Technology. ·
He worked as Efficiency expert Management consultant and was Known as "Father" of the Scientific management & Efficiency movement ·
Taylor was awarded with The Elliott Cresson Medal in the year 1902 and on October 19, 1906, he was awarded an honorary degree of Doctor of Science by the University of Pennsylvania. Management theory
Frederick Taylor's scientific management theory can be seen in nearly all modern manufacturing firms and many other types of businesses. His imprint can be found in production planning, production control, process design, quality control, cost accounting, and even ergonomics. If you understand the principles of scientific management, you will be able to understand how manufacturers produce their goods and manage their employees. You will also understand the importance of qualitative analysis (analysis of data and numbers) to improve production effectiveness and efficiency. Definition of Scientific Management Theory
In broad terms, scientific management is the application of industrial engineering principles to create a system where waste is avoided, the process and method of production is improved, and goods are fairly distributed. These improvements serve the interests of employers, employees and society in general. Principles of Scientific Management
Taylor’s Scientific Management is based on four principles. According to Mindtool the four principles are as follows: 1. Replace working by “rule of thumb,” or simple habit and common sense, and instead use the scientific method to study work and determine the most efficient way to perform specific tasks. 2. Rather than simply assign workers to just any job, match workers to their jobs based on capability and motivation, and train them to work at maximum efficiency. 3. Monitor worker performance, and provide instructions and supervision to ensure that they’re using the most efficient ways of working. 4. Allocate the work between managers and workers so that the managers spend their time planning and training, allowing the workers to perform their tasks efficiently.
Frederick Taylor approached the study of management quantitatively (the collection and analysis of data). For example, he and his followers performed motion studies to improve efficiency. He studied the motions required to complete a task, devised a way to break the task down into component motions, and found the most efficient and effective manner to do the work.
Contributions To Modern Management
Scientific management helped bring about many modern management techniques for manufacturing companies. You can see its influence in task specialization and the assembly line where an employee focuses on one part of the production, such as putting spark plugs in an engine. You can see its effects in the way companies utilize data, accounting, and mathematical analysis to improve efficiency and effectiveness of production. And you can even see scientific management behind the subjects of human engineering and ergonomics, such as the development of chairs with lumbar support and anti-glare computer screens. U.S. engineer and management consultant, originator of the concept of "scientific management" to increase...
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