1.1 Explain the legal status and principles of the relevant early year’s frameworks and how national and local guidance materials are used in settings. All four nations in our country develop their frameworks slightly differently. Since 2008, England has introduced a statutory curriculum for children aged 0-5 years for children who are being cared for or educated outside their homes. This framework is in place for child-minders, nurseries, Pre-schools and after school clubs. In addition to the 'education' programme for the early year’s foundation stage (EYFS). In England there are six areas of development. *Personal, Social and Emotional development. Communication, Language and Literacy. *Problem solving, Reasoning and Numeracy. *Knowledge and Understanding of the World.
After considering the development of each child based on these 6 areas the teacher completes an early year’s profile. The children are assessed at the end of the reception year. Since 2008 Wales have been phasing in a statutory curriculum known as the Foundation Phase. This applies to children aged 3-7 years who are in receipt of local authority funding in schools, Pre-schools, nurseries and child-minders. In Wales there are 7 areas of learning. *Personal and Social Development, well-being and Cultural Diversity. *Language, Literacy and Communication skills.
*Knowledge and Understanding of the World.
*Welsh Language Development.
Teachers at the end of the Foundation Phase assess children in 3 areas. * Personal and Social Development, well-being and cultural diversity. * Language, literacy and communication skills in English or Welsh * Mathematical Development.
Scotland is in the process of introducing a curriculum which encompasses children from 3-18 years. This is an overall approach within Scotland and many assessments are still being developed. In Scotland the developing curriculum is that children and young people should be given experiences in order to progress their development and, instead of working according to age, will be learning according to their individual level. There are 8 areas of experiences and outcomes. *Technologies
*Religious and Moral Education
*Health and Well -being
As the curriculum is still being developed in Scotland the assessment arrangements are still being arranged. It is expected that the settings will have responsibility for drawing up their own assessment. In Northern Ireland before statutory school age there is no specific curriculum, but once the children are in statutory education they will follow the Foundation Stage. The 6 areas of learning that form the basis of the curriculum are taken through to key stages 1 and 2. The 6 areas are; *Physical Development and Movement
*Personal Development and Mutual Understanding
*Mathematics and Numeracy
*The World around Us
*Language and Literacy.
Each nation has developed their own approach to the care and education of young children while having some common features. All nations aim to have partnership and involvement with parents, children learning through active play, a need for children to have opportunities for child-initiated and adult directed activities and assessing children's individual needs.
1.2 Explain how different approaches to work with children in the early years have influenced current provision in the UK.
There are four different approaches and influences on current provision; I will give a brief summary of each one. Reggio Emilia. This educational approach originated in Reggio Emilia in Italy. Its focus is on partnership with parents and children aged between 0 and 6 years being involved in their own learning. The main features are that children learn through their senses. Children need to have some control...
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