Factors Influencing Career Choice Among the Senior High School Students in the South Tongu District of Volta Region, Ghana

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UNIVERSITY OF EDUCATION, WINNEBA
DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY AND EDUCATION

FACTORS INFLUENCING CAREER CHOICE AMONG THE SENIOR
HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS IN THE SOUTH TONGU DISTRICT OF
VOLTA REGION, GHANA

DANIEL KWASI GAMELI AVUGLA

JULY, 2011

UNIVERSITY OF EDUCATION, WINNEBA
DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY AND EDUCATION

FACTORS INFLUENCING CAREER CHOICE AMONG THE SENIOR
HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS IN THE SOUTH TONGU DISTRICT OF
VOLTA REGION, GHANA

DANIEL KWASI GAMELI AVUGLA
(B.ED BUSINESS EDUCATION, ACCOUNTING OPTION)

A Thesis in the Department of Psychology and Education, Faculty of EDUCATIONAL STUDIES Submitted to the School of Graduate Studies, University of Education, Winneba, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for award of the Master of Philosophy (M. Phil Guidance & Counselling) degree

JULY, 2011
DECLARATION

STUDENT’S DECLARATION
I, DANIEL KWASI GAMELI AVUGLA declare that this Thesis, with the exception of quotations and references contained in published works which have all being identified and duly acknowledged, is entirely my own original work, and it has not been submitted, either in part or whole for another degree elsewhere

SIGNATURE: .............................................................................

DATE: .........................................................................................

SUPERVISOR’S DECLARATION
I hereby declare that the preparation and presentation of this work was supervised by me in accordance with the guidelines for the supervision of Thesis laid down by the University of Education, Winneba.

NAME OF SUPERVISOR: ..............................................................

SIGNATURE: ...................................................................................

DATE: ..............................................................................................

DEDICATION

I dedicate this work to my dearest wife Rose and children: Albert, Elikplim and Herbert.

ABSTRACT

The researcher set out to investigate factors that influence career choice among the senior high school students in the South Tongu District of Volta Region, Ghana, and the extent to which those factors influence students’ choice. Survey design was used. The main instrument used for data collection was questionnaire. Simple random sample techniques was used to select 200 students, and convenient sampling techniques used to select three administrators and three guidance and counselling coordinators for the study from the three public second cycle institutions in the District. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used in analysing data. The construct validity was established using factor analysis and reliability using Cronbach’s alpha. The results of the main hypothesis and the research questions postulated for the study revealed that Intrinsic factors reliably predicted career choice suggesting that Extrinsic factors and Interpersonal factors are not significant predictors when the effects of Extrinsic factors and Interpersonal factors are controlled for. This helps students learn about and explore careers that ultimately lead to career choice. This played a critical role in shaping students career choice. It was recommended that Career Education and Guidance should be introduced in the primary school to enable children to explore the world of work as young people need to make a smooth transition from primary school to the initial years of senior high school and the Ministry of Education should allocate fund for a Guidance and Counselling activities in all basic and second cycle schools. This will enable the guidance coordinators to function effectively at their various levels of work.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I am most grateful to the Almighty God for His loving care and mercy which has made it possible for me to complete this work. I also wish to acknowledge...
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