Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth – 19 years.
Child development is how a child becomes able to do more difficult things as they grow older. Development is different than growth, because growth only refers to the child getting bigger in size. When we talk about normal development, we are talking about developing skills like: Gross motor skills: these are important for major body movement such as walking, maintaining balance, coordination, jumping, and reaching. Fine motor skills: involves the small muscles of the body that allows such tasks as writing, grasping small objects, and fastening clothing. They involve strength and dexterity. Language skills: this involves speaking, using body language and gestures, communicating and understanding what others say. Cognitive skills: involves thinking, including learning, understanding, problem solving, reasoning and remembering. Social skills: it is used to interact and communicate with one another. It includes how to greet someone, take turns in conversation, maintaining conversation and engaging in eye contact.
When we practitioners look at a baby or a child we talk about and observe holistic development. In order to help us remember we have covered all areas of development with the word PILESS. Physical development- Which refers to the growing, control and strengthening of small and large muscles. Physical skills consist of 2 main areas, which are gross motor skills and fine motor skills. Intellectual development- This is sometimes called cognitive development and it is the working of the brain, knowledge and understanding as well as recalling and memorizing. Language development- This is the achievement of a baby or child’s first language, it is the skill to be able to communicate through words. Emotional development- This refers to children’s growing ability to identify and understand their own feelings and of others. Develop empathy for others and build and keep good relationships with friends, family and others. Social development- It refers to the process by which a child learns to relate with others around them. As they develop and identify their own personality within their community, they also achieve skills to communicate with other people and process their actions. Social development most often refers to how a child develops friendships and other relationships. Spiritual development- It is about expanding your experience of self and life learning about whom you are and your connection to God.
The developmental milestones are a set of practical skills or age-specific tasks that most children can do at a certain age range. Even though each milestone has an age level, the actual age when a normally developing child reaches that milestone can change quite a bit. Every child is unique! From birth -18 months.
Social Development: A child responds to friendliness and is very self-absorbed. A child waves “bye-bye.” They love to copy and imitate others but they don’t like change. A child likes some companionship, but at the end they play alone. Emotional Development: A child feels better about himself/herself as he/she learns something new, such as learning how to walk. For children to feel good about themselves, parents need to show love and concern. Intellectual Development: A child indicates or says “more.” He/she points to pictures of objects and body parts. Early on in development, the child learns that he/she has some control over the environment and surrounding objects which increases self-esteem. From 18 months - 2.5 years.
Social Development: A child starts developing an interest in others, but often plays alone even when near others. A child is very self-centered and possessive and they don’t like sharing toys with others, sometimes not even with family members. A child is able to handle short errands. Emotional Development: A child seeks independence, but needs a lot of help. This is the “NO” stage. They throw...
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