Employee Morale

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.1 INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY
Employee morale
Employee morale describes the overall outlook, attitude, satisfaction, and confidence that employees feel at work. When employees are positive about their work environment and believe that they can meet their most important needs at work, employee morale is positive or high. If employees are negative and unhappy about their workplace and feel unappreciated and as if they cannot satisfy their goals and needs, employee morale is negative or low.

Employee morale is defined by the employee's outlook, optimism, self-concept, and assured belief in themselves and their organization, its mission, goals, defined path, daily decisions, and employee appreciation. Faith in self and faith in their organization are both important factors in positive employee morale.

Employee Morale refers to an attitude of satisfaction with a desire to continue and strive for attaining the objectives of a factory. Morale is purely emotional. It is an attitude of an employee towards his job, his superior and his organization. It is not static thing, but it changes depending on working conditions, superiors, fellow workers pay and so on

Morale may range from very high to very low. High Morale is evident from the positive feelings of employees such as enthusiasm, desire to obey orders, willingness to co-operate with coworkers. Poor or low Morale becomes obvious from the negative feelings of employees such as dissatisfaction, discouragement or dislike of the job.

Prof. Mee, However, holds the view that “Good employee morale is the mental attitude of the individuals, or of the group, which enables an employee to realise that the maximum satisfaction of his drives coincides with the fulfillment of the objectives with those of the company, and subordinates his own desires to those of the company”. Definitions:

Morale is a fundamental psychological concept. It is not easy to define. Morale is the degree of enthusiasm and willingness with which the members of a group pull together to achieve group goal. It has been defined differently by different authors. Different definition of Morale can be classified into three major approaches. 1)Classical approach

2)Psychological approach
3)Social approach

1. Classical approach: According to this approach the satisfaction of basic needs is the symbol of Morale. According to Robert M. Guion "Morale is defined as the extent to which the individual perceives that satisfaction stemming from total job satisfaction".

2. Psychological Approach: According to this approach Morale is psychological concept i.e., state of mind. According to Jurious Fillipo “Morale is a mental condition or attitude of individual and groups which determines their willingness to cooperate".

3. Social Approach: According to some experts Morale is a social phenomenon. According to Davis "Morale can be defined as the attitudes of individual and groups towards their work environment and towards voluntary cooperation to the full extent of their ability in the best interest at the organization". 1.2 SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This study will help the company to know about the morale of employee towards the organization •This study helps the company to take decisions regarding whether they have to improve the morale of the employees or not

This study will help the company to identify the workers attitude towards the present working conditions 1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
To know about the level of morale of the employees working in minar ispat pvt ltd •To identify whether the employees are satisfied or not in their work •To know about different factors influencing the morale of the employees in the organization •To identify whether the company give all facilities to the employees •To suggest measures to improve the morale of the employees 1.4RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Research in common parlance refers to a search for knowledge. Research methodology generally refers to the systematic...
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