a. Closed doors, poor lighting, separation across great distances and intrusive noises are examples of physical barriers that impede communication. b. According to communication scholar Aruna Koneru, physical barriers to communication "can make the entire process of communication convoluted and lead to miscommunication or ineffective communication." B. Psychological Barriers
c. Psychological barriers include emotional or attitudinal impediments, such as fear, mistrust, suspicion, or feelings of vulnerability. d. n their book, "More than Words: An Introduction to Communication," Richard Dimbleby and Graeme Burton identify psychological barriers as the most common cause of communication problems. C. Cultural Barriers
e. Communication can be complicated by cultural differences between individuals engaged in conversation. Different beliefs and value systems can cause confusion and misunderstanding. f. According to industrial sociologist Martin Hahn, cultural differences are not just based on race, nationality and ethnicity, but also age, gender, social status, economic position and political beliefs D. Language Barriers
g. Barrier to communication resulting from speaking different languages
II. Develop the process by which self-concept is developed and maintained. a. “We judge ourselves by what we feel capable of doing, while others judge us by what we have already done” Henry Wadsworth Longfellow Quotes b. A multidimensional appraisal of what you believe to be true about your attributes and competencies c. Self-image is important because how you think about yourself affects your physical, mental, social, emotional, and spiritual well-being. It also influences how you respond to...