ravel and tourism are among of the world's fastest growing industries, and are one of the major sources of foreign exchange earning and employment for many countries. Tourism is particularly the signification for developing economies. In recent years, tourism has been increasingly recognized for its potential to contribute to the reduction of poverty. However, the global growth of tourism poses a signification threat to cultural and biological diversity. Eco-tourism is a form of tourism involving visiting fragile, pristine, and usually protected areas, intended as a low impact and often small scale alternative to standard commercial tourism. Its purpose may be to educate the traveler, to provide funds for ecological conservation, to directly benefit the economic development and political empowerment of local communities, or to foster respect for different cultures and for human rights. Since the 1980s ecotourism has been considered a critical endeavor by environmentalists, so that future generations may experience destinations relatively untouched by human intervention. Several university programs use this description as the working definition of ecotourism. Ecotourism has been growing rapidly over the last decades. Yet, whole ecotourism has the potential to create positive environment and social impacts, it can unfortunately be as damaging as mass tourism if not done properly. In order to truly understand ecotourism and all of it's attendant pros and cons it is necessary to do some background research. Our group make this paper to give an introduction to the topic along with more detailed information about ecotourism in the world as well as in Viet Nam. In the process of working, we cannot avoid mistakes. So we look forward to receiving comments from lecturer.
II. WHAT IS ECOTOURISM?
- Ecotourism has been defined as a form of nature-based tourism in ther market place, but it has also formulated and studied as as sustainable development tool by Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), development experts and academics since 1990. The term ecotourism, therefore, refers on one hand to a concept under a set of principles, and on other hand to as specific market segment. - According to the International Ecotourism Society (TIES) in 1991, one of the earliest definitions: “Ecotourism is responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and sustains the well being of local people”. - IUCN (now called the World Conservation Union) states in 1996 that: “Ecotourism is environmentally responsible travel and visitation to relatively undisturbed natural areas, in oder to enjoy and appreciate nature (and any accompanying cultural features – both past and present) that promites conservation, has low negative visitor impact, and provides for benefically active socio-economic involvement of local populations”. - According to Cristina in 2004: “Ecotourism involves visiting natural areas with the objectives of learning, studying or participating in activities that do not bring negative effects to the environment; whilst protecting and empowering the local community socially and economically” . Generally, ecotourism focuses on volunteering, or "voluntourism", personal growth and environmental sustainability. Ecotourism typically involves travel to destinations where flora, fauna, and cultural heritage are the primary attractions. One of the goals of ecotourism is to offer tourists insight into the impact of human beings on the environment, and to foster a greater appreciation of our natural habitats.
III. ACTIVITIES WHEN TAKING PART IN AN ECO-TOUR
Eco-tour is a tour which was designed to focus on preserving the environment of environmentally sensitive areas. When taking part in this tour, tourists not only relax, do business but also help to protect the environment, provide direct financial benefits for conservation and for local people etc by these following...