Roots of conservation
Conservation is an ethic of resource use, allocation, and protection. Its primary focus is upon maintaining the health of the natural world, its fisheries, habitats, and biological diversity. Secondary focus is on materials conservation and energy conservation, which are seen as important to protect the natural world. Those who follow the conservation ethic and, especially, those who advocate or work toward conservation goals are termed conservationists. The conservation movement, also known as nature conservation, is a political, environmental and a social movement that seeks to protect natural resources including animal, fungus and plant species as well as their habitat for the future The early conservation movement included fisheries and wildlife management, water, soil conservation and sustainable forestry. The contemporary conservation movement has broadened from the early movement's emphasis on use of sustainable yield of natural resources and preservation of wilderness areas to include preservation of biodiversity. Some say the conservation movement is part of the broader and more far-reaching environmental movement, while others argue that they differ both in ideology and practice. Chiefly in the United States, conservation is seen as differing from environmentalism in that it aims to preserve natural resources expressly for their continued sustainable use by humans. In other parts of the world conservation is used more broadly to include the setting aside of natural areas and the active protection of wildlife for their inherent value, as much as for any value they may have for humans.
Conservation once focused on preserving natural areas as untouched relics of the past. All that changed in a Washington, DC hotel room on a cold January night in 1987, when a small group of pioneers single-handedly redefined conservation. Instead of keeping places intact as relics of the past, it envisioned conservation as a working model of the future – a future in which people lived in harmony with nature. Conservation International has made this future a reality with the support of an ever-expanding list of key players. For more than twenty years, we have empowered communities in jungles and deserts to make conservation part of their livelihoods. From early partnerships with Patagonia and Starbucks to our ground-breaking relationship with Wal-Mart, we’ve worked with companies large and small to make conservation part of their business model. Governments from Costa Rica to China have worked with us to make conservation a core component of their national policies. Throughout this process, every strategy, every action has been guided by ground-breaking science. Today, the world has caught up with us. Governments, businesses, and individuals on every continent recognize that we must balance our needs with nature for a better future. Meanwhile, we continue to make history, developing the tools necessary to protect nature for future generations.
History of conservation
Era of Abundance - 1500 to 1849
Wildlife was abundant during this period of early colonization. From billions of passenger pigeons flying overhead to the herds of bison in the fields and woods, North America was teaming with wildlife. Era of Over-exploitation - 1850 to 1899
As more and more Europeans settled in North America, the land began to change. Cities, farms, roads and railroads began to appear throughout the wilderness. Wildlife began to suffer - passenger pigeons were hunted to extinction, large predators became scarce - especially in the east where there was a larger concentration of cities. Era of Protection - 1900 to 1929
Americans began to notice what was happening to some of the wildlife throughout the country. * 1900 - Lacey Act was passed. The Lacey Act prohibited inter-state commerce; protecting animals by forbidding their movement across state lines.
* 1901 -...