Distance Education in Kenya

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THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A HIGHER EDUCATION OPEN AND DISTANCE LEARNING KNOWLEDGE BASE FOR DECISION MAKERS IN KENYA

By

Magdallen N. J (PhD)
African Virtual University (HQ)
P. O. Box xxxxxxxxx
Nairobi - Kenya
Tel: xxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Fax: xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Email: xxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Presented to
United Nations Educational Scientific & Cultural Organization (UNESCO) TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE

Introduction…………………………………………………………..………………3 Study Approach………………………………………………………………………..4

1.0The Target Audience of Decision Makers of the Knowledge Base in Kenya.…………………………………………………………..……4 1.1Profiles and Institutional Setting of the Ministry of Science and Technology………………………………………………………..5 1.2Institutional Setting of Distance Education in Public Universities in Kenya……………………………………………………………….6 1.3Other Decision Makers in the Provision of Distance Education……..13 1.3.1Commission for Higher Education…………………………………...13 1.3.2The Open Learning Distance Education Association of

East Africa (OLDEA-EA)……………………………………………16 1.3.2.1Open Learning Association of Kenya………………………………..17

2.0Tasks and Challenges Facing Target Audience and Decision Makers….18 2.1Major Tasks Facing Decision Makers in Kenya……………………..19 2.1.1Increase Enrolment in Higher Education………………………….…19 2.1.2Increase Opportunities for Relevant Degree Courses………………..20 2.1.3Increase Opportunities and Access to Continuing Distance Education……………………………………………………………..21 2.1.4Provide Opportunity for Women Education in Science & Engineering…………………………………………………………..22 2.2Challenges Facing Distance Education Decision Makers in Kenya…23 2.2.1Lack of Funds………………………………………………………...23 2.2.2Lack of a Clear Understanding of Distance Education………………23 2.2.3Poor Teaching/Learning Practices……………………………………24 2.2.4Outdated Facilities……………………………………………………24 2.2.5Inadequate Resources.…………………………………………….….24 2.2.6Inadequate Library Resources………………………………………..25 2.2.7Slow Internet Connectivity…………………………………………...25 2.2.8Scarcity of Computing Resources for Technology Enhanced Distance Education……………………………………………………………..25 2.2.9Lack of Skills in Information Communication Technology (ICT)……..………………………………………………………….. 25 2.2.10Attitude towards Technology Enhanced Learning…………………...26 2.2.11Communication Policy……………………………………………….26 2.2.12High Telecommunication Costs……………………………………...26

3.0Information Needs For Decision Makers in Kenya…………………...…..27 3.1Distance Education Policy…………………………………………...27 3.2Management and Financial of Distance Education Programmes…….28 3.3Programme Design and Development of Materials………………….28 3.4Financial Planning and Management………………………………...29 3.5Learner Support System in Distance Education Programmes…………………………...……………………………...29

4.0Training Needs for Decision Makers in Distance Education…………….29 4.1Capacity at the Policy Level………………………………………….30 4.1.2Institutional Capacity Building………………………………………30 4.1.3Individual Capacity Building………………………………………...31 4.1.4Intervention Strategies Necessary……………………………………31

5.0Knowledge Base for Distance Education In Higher Education – Kenya……………………………………………………………………..….31 5.1Components of Knowledge Base in Kenya…………………………..32 5.2Conclusion…………………………………………………………....34

References…………………………………………………………………………...35
THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A HIGHER EDUCATION OPEN AND DISTANCE LEARNING KNOWLEDGE BASE FOR DECISION MAKERS IN KENYA

Introduction
A growing crisis in the higher education sector in Kenya over the last two decades has given rise to a multiplicity of new organizational structures designed for meeting the new challenges of post-secondary education and training. A number of factors account for the emergence of these structures among them the steady reduction in the funding of public universities, the need to expand educational opportunities to significantly larger numbers of school leavers and major changes in the labour market...
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