Discussion Paper on the Enhanced K+12 Basic Education Program in the Philippines C/O Deped

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Discussion Paper As of 05 October 2010

DISCUSSION PAPER ON THE ENHANCED K+12 BASIC EDUCATION PROGRAM DepEd discussion paper
05 October 2010

 

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Discussion Paper As of 05 October 2010

 

DISCUSSION PAPER ON THE ENHANCED K+12 BASIC EDUCATION PROGRAM Table of Contents

RATIONALE............................................................................................................... 3 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND .................................................................................. 5 EDUCATION VISION ................................................................................................. 6 GOALS ....................................................................................................................... 7 BENEFITS OF ENHANCED BASIC EDUCATION PROGRAM ................................ 7 ENHANCED K+12 BASIC EDUCATION MODEL ..................................................... 8 GUIDING PRINCIPLES............................................................................................ 10 ACTION STEPS ....................................................................................................... 11 List of Figures and Tables

Table 1 Philippine Average TIMSS Scores ........................................................................................ 3   Table 2 Unemployment Statistics in the Philippines, 2010 ........................................................ 4   Table 3 Comparative Data on the Pre-University Education in Asia .................................... 4   Figure 1 K-6-4-2 Model............................................................................................... 9 Figure 2 Schematic Presentation of the K-6-4-2 Model Implementation .................... 9   List of Annexes Annex A Budget Forecast for K-6-4-2 Model............................................................ 12 Annex B High School to HEI School Mapping .......................................................... 13 Annex C High and HEI School Capacities................................................................ 14 Annex D Number of HEIs by Type............................................................................ 15

 

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Discussion Paper As of 05 October 2010

THE ENHANCED K+12 BASIC EDUCATION PROGRAM
“We need to add two years to our basic education. Those who can afford pay up to fourteen years of schooling before university. Thus, their children are getting into the best universities and the best jobs after graduation. I want at least 12 years for our public school children to give them an even chance at succeeding.” – President Benigno S. Aquino III

RATIONALE 1 Enhancing the quality of basic education in the Philippines is urgent and critical. Thus, we have to come up with a proposal to enhance our basic education program in a manner that is least disruptive to the current curriculum, most affordable to government and families, and aligned with international practice. The poor quality of basic education is reflected in the low achievement scores of Filipino students. Many students who finish basic education do not possess sufficient mastery of basic competencies. One reason is that students do not get adequate instructional time or time on task. The National Achievement Test (NAT) for grade 6 in SY 2009-2010 passing rate is only 69.21%. Although this is already a 24% improvement over the SY 2005-2006 passing rate, further reforms are needed to achieve substantial improvement. The NAT for high school is 46.38% in SY 2009-2010, a slight decrease from 47.40% in SY 2008-2009. International tests results like 2003 TIMSS (Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study) rank the Philippines 34th out of 38 countries in HS II Math and 43rd out of 46 countries in HS II Science; for grade 4, the Philippines ranked 23rd out of 25 participating countries in both Math and Science.i In 2008, even with only the science high...
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