Ethics play a very important role in the running of a business. All firms and companies will have a set of ethical standards and practices that is suitable to their culture and nature of business. Ethics address duty, obligation, fairness, justice, altruism, and moral responsibility. Business ethics can be defined as right or wrong actions taken by corporations. Firms and companies are managed by people, from the very top management to the very bottom; any ethical or unethical decisions taken by the top management will have a great impact on the company’s productivity, revenue, profit, reputation and image. For example any unethical decision may result in the loss of business opportunities such as huge contract not being awarded or renewed because of the loss of credibility and trust in the company. Unethical practices such as fraud and corruption committed especially by top management may cause big financial losses to the company. Discriminatory practices and decisions can also have an adverse impact on the company. The term discrimination describes a large number of wrongful acts in employment, housing, education, medical care, and other important area of public life. Discrimination in employment, which is our main concern here, generally arises from the decision employers make about hiring, promotion, pay, fringe benefits, and other terms and conditions of employment that directly affect the morale and economic interest of the employees. Although discrimination takes different forms, the common feature is that a person is deprived of some benefit or opportunity because of prejudice against his/her race, sex, religion, color, national origin, age, sexual orientation, disability, etc. The adverse impacts on discrimination are staff attrition, low morale and productivity, bad reputation and eventually loss of business and revenue for the firm or company. Work performance and efficiency are affected because the company prefers to hire or promote a person not because of his/her work abilities or performances but because of various unrelated reasons mentioned above such as race, religion, sex etc.
Before we evaluate the various ethical issues concerning Greenway Environmental Technologies (GET), it is only appropriate that we begin by mentioning the good ethics or affirmative action being practiced or implemented by GET. The good ethics are that GET has shown to be fair in their employment policy by employing an ethnically diverse work force. They have also taken affirmative action to hire and promote minorities and female workers. Generally there is little or no discrimination based on race and sex. Also by hiring all the various experts such as environmentalist engineers, toxicologists, and certified industrial hygienists, it shows that their waste disposal is of the highest standards thus ensuring that the surrounding environment is not damaged. On the other hand we have identified some prejudicial or discriminatory employment practices being condoned by their top management. i.Stereotyping of Paul’s Homosexuality
The stereotypical categorization of Paul Carvey’s homosexuality, where ‘rather effeminate’ is being categorized as homosexual and that many homosexual have AIDS. This narrow minded view is based on misunderstanding and personal prejudice on the part of Patrick Rush , the head of personnel. Since Patrick belongs to a certain religious group which considers homosexuality a sin, he decided not to hire Paul. This is a form of prejudice and discrimination against a certain group of people with certain sexual orientation. Stereotyping by its very nature is morally objectionable because it leads employers to treat individuals only as members of groups. The impact on the company is that they will continue to lose good, capable and experience workers. Thus productivity and efficiency will decline. ii.The Ethicality of the Hiring Decision
The decision not to...