1. Cultural Tourism in Mauritius
Tourism comprises of activities of persons travelling and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than 1 consecutive year, for leisure business and other purposes (WTO, 1991). Mauritius is one of the islands which make up the Mascareignes Islands group. Tourism is a major factor in keeping the economy of this country as high as it is. Before people started visiting this beautiful part of the world they solely relied on agricultural businesses.
Tourism industry has developed into a major pillar in the economy of Mauritius. Although, the sun, sea and sand known as the 3S is still considered as the major drives of the tourism industry, there are many other resources such as culture and heritage that are widely used to promote Mauritius as a tourist destination. Mauritius is a multi-racial, multi-lingual and multi-cultural society, thus according to Raj Chintaram (2007), Mauritius is viewed as a ‘Cultural Carrefour’ which over the years, the local population has been acclaimed for their unflinching hospitality. Adding another ‘intangible’ dimension to the tourism industry, there are many places of great cultural and heritage value in Mauritius but many of these have been underestimated even by the local population as well as visitors.
By adapting the main concepts from Timothy and Boyd (2003) and after taking into consideration the particularities of the island, cultural and heritage sites in Mauritius can be classified and grouped as under: Museum, Religious & Cultural Sites, Historic buildings & Monuments of Important Past Events, Heritage Architecture (Creole, Colonial type), Other Buildings, Archaeological Importance that we will view in more details in our literature research
2. History of sugar factories in Mauritius
Sugar cane was first brought to Mauritius by the Dutch mainly to produce an alcoholic drink named arrack. Mahé de La Bourdonnais was the first to initiate sugar production on a commercial scale in Mauritius. In 1858 there were about 259 sugar mills in Mauritius, however, due to the process of centralization, where sugar estates which were family owned estates merge into companies, the number of sugar mills have decreased to 137 sugar mills in 1888 and 79 sugar mills in 1903. Centralization has enabled the introduction of new technologies in sugar factories, thus increasing their production capacities. Moreover, another factor that contributed to the decrease in sugar mills is the “Reform” of the European Union plan for developing the Sugar Industry in Mauritius; willing to minimize the sugar mills, by transfer or closure, providing Mauritius of contracts, budget and financial aid, and finally valuating the quality of sugar produced in Mauritius. This reform was established because of the International competition that brought pressure to the local small production of sugar, compared to Africa or Jamaica, and by the same time enabling major Sugar Estates within the Island to provide quality sugar, as per the requirements of production. Until recently, the exportation of sugar has been the main pillar of the Mauritian economy for a long time. According to Sugar investment Trust report there are only 6 sugar factories that are on the operational basis.
Sugar Cane Field
1.3 Aventure du Sucre Industrial Heritage
The sugar industry with scope and development derived a lot of economic benefits and generated employment to the host community from different levels. The Beau Plan Sugar Estate forms part of the historical district of Pamplemousses, one of the Second Sugar Estate build in the northern region of the Island closed in 1999. The Beau Plan Sugar Estate closed because of the severe competition and as stipulated by the action plan of the European Union.
Harel Frères and Constance group (Adolphe Valette) invested in L’Aventure Du Sucre. This establishment is still working at 10% (only for...