Corruption Is a Barrier to Development in Pakistan
Department of Electronic Engineering
Outline I. INTRODUCTION 1. What is Corruption? A. The abuse of power for private gain is called corruption B. Corruption is authority plus monopoly minus transferency 2. Corruption in different away of life A. Bribery B. Nepotism C. Fraud D. Embezzlement E. Political Corruption F. Administrative Corruption 3. Causes of Corruption in society 4. Genesis of Corruption 5. Consequences of Corruption
Corruption in Pakistan and barrier to its development.
1. Factors encouraging corruption in Pakistan A. Poor government policies B. Arrival of foreign remittance C. Afghan War 2. A barrier to development in Pakistan A. A crime against prosperity B. A barrier to justice C. A barrier to democracy D. A crime against the environment E. A barrier to health F. A barrier to education 3. Anti-corruption agencies 4. Transparency International report about Pakistan 5. Corruption Perception Index 6. National Corruption Perception Survey
III. IV. V.
Suggestions for eradication Conclusion References
TI Pakistan’s Time to Wake Up essay competition
Page 2 of 22
“Public money is like a fish bone it gets struck in the throat” Turkish saying But our state of land of pure corruption has become a way of life and it permeates every segment of our society. It is not endemic to the public sector alone but extends to private life. We routinely give bribe to others worldwide; bribery is estimated to involve over one trillion dollars annually. Corruption poses a serious development challenges in the political realm, it undermines democracy and good governance by flouting or even subverting formal processes. Corruption in elections and in legislative bodies reduce accountability and distorts representation in policymaking, corruption in the judiciary compromises the rule of law and corruption in public administration result in the inefficient provision of services. The UN’s Global Programme against Corruption defines corruption as “the abuse of power for private gain”, and it includes both the public and the private sector. Many different definitions or understandings of corruption, however, exist that generate debate among legal, academic and policymaker circles. In his historic speech delivered to the first Constituent Assembly of Pakistan on 1th August 1947, the Quaid-i-Azam identified the first duty of his government as the maintenance of law and order. He defined his second priority in the following words: “One of the biggest curses from which India is suffering, I do not say that other countries are free from it, but, I think our condition is much worse, is bribery and corruption. That really is a poison. We must put it down with an iron hand.” Sadly, these wise words have not been heeded to Pakistan in the last 6 decades. Corruption has become a disease infecting every aspect of political, social and economic activity. Intermittent efforts at combating the menace were undertaken but lacked the requisite level of “Political Will” and most have been enforcement based. Pakistani Society is marked by high levels of tolerance and acceptance of corruption. In recent years, social acceptance of corruption has increased to such an extent that the corrupt are not excluded from society and, in fact, are often celebrated. A phenomenon quoted by many stakeholders was that integrity has become associated with futility and folly, and corruption with intelligence, bravery and resourcefulness. Corruption is present in our daily life routine. For most people, bribery probably comes first to mind when they hear the word corruption, but other common types of corruption include nepotism, fraud and embezzlement etc. Following are some types of corruption; Bribery Bribery is defined as an offer of money or favors to influence a public official. Bribery is an act of...