Corruption in Pakistan

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History

Pakistan was created as a result of the partition of subcontinent and the British left behind a strong bureaucracy and army. The country was divided again when Eastern Pakistan seceded to form Bangladesh. A factor in this division was that Bengal's elite and ruling class had been Hindus who were displaced by the partition, while the Punjab's rich land-owning class were Muslims and so had retained power.[9]

[edit] Recent events

According to calculations performed by Transparency International, Pakistan has lost an unbelievably high amount, more than Rs8.5 trillion (US $94 billion), in corruption, tax evasion and bad governance during the last four years of Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gillani’s tenure.[10] An adviser of Transparency International acknowledged that "Pakistan does not need even a single penny from the outside world if it effectively checks the menace of corruption and ensures good governance".[10] The Transparency International also noted that the four years of the present regime under Gilani had been the worst in terms of corruption and bad governance in the country’s history.[10] Recently NAB chairman, a very respected and fair individual, declared that corruption to the tune of 40 billion US dollars was being done annually in the country.[11]

[edit] National Accountability Ordinance

Individuals convicted under the National Accountability Ordinance are prohibited from holding political office for ten years.[12]
[edit] Media role in exposing corruption

Since the liberalization of the Pakistani media in 2002, many major corruption cases and scams have been unveiled by journalists. Notable among them are: The ex president and registrar of the Pakistan Medical and Dental Council were involved in fake registration of doctors. [13] The Pakistan Steel Mills Rs.26 billion scam;[14]

National Insurance Company Limited scandal;[15]
Bribery and corruption in Pakistan International Airlines which caused losses of $500 million;[16] Embezzlement in Pakistan Railways causing massive financial losses;[17] Hajj corruption case;[18]

NATO containers' case where 40 containers heading for ISAF in Afghanistan went missing;[19] Rental power projects corruption[20]
Ephedrine quota case, a scandal involving the son of former Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani to pressure officials of the Health Ministry to allocate a quota of controlled chemical ephedrine to two different pharmaceutical companies.[21] Malik Riaz’s 'Media Gate' in which the son of Chief Justice of Pakistan Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry is said to have taken money from Malik Riaz to give favourable decisions from the Supreme Court.

“Malik Riaz case proved that the media can hold the judiciary and even itself accountable,” says Javed Chaudhry, columnist and anchorperson working with Express News. “This case, along with the missing persons' case has established impartiality and credibility of the media in its fight against corruption."[22]

[edit] Corruption by sector

[edit] Courts

Further information: Court system of Pakistan

In 2010, 69% of those surveyed reported that they or someone in their household was subjected to an act of corruption when interacting with the judicial system. Of 339 affirmative respondents asked to identify the actors involved in corruption, 119 said court employees, 84 said a public prosecutor, 50 said a witness, 44 said a judge, 29 said an opponent lawyer, 16 said magistrates, and 12 said others.[23][24]

[edit] Education

Further information: Education in Pakistan

As of 2010, 24% of those surveyed reported that they themselves or a family member received educational admission through non-normal. The countries biggest issue is presence of non uniform educational system.On one hand there are institutions modeled on western educational system; This system is run by private sector educational institutes that charge fees an ordinary citizen cannot afford. So essentially these...
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