Sports Studies: Soccer
Profesor: Sean Steele
April 24 2013
Corruption and money go hand in hand. Money is a motivating factor for corruption, and the transfer of money or other special benefits often finances corruption. It is a sad fact of life, but you don’t have to look very hard to find some form of corruption in virtually any area of life, wherever it is in sports, politics or business. Almost on a daily basis can you read about a new case of corruption involving some illegal cash advance. Unfortunately, football is not immune to the ill effects of corruption. Football has always reflected the society it represents, in both its good and bad, and this is the one reason fans are drawn to the sport. In 2006, when the Italian national team won the FIFA World Cup, the nation was on a high, but Italian calico was brought down to reality, when the Italian Football Federation, FICG, announced its rulings on the Calciopoli affair. It involved the top professional football leagues of Italy, Serie A and Serie B. Implicating the champions at the time Juventus, AC Milan, Fiorentina, Lazio, Reggina. It came to light when it was showed the relation between team managers of the teams listed before and referee organizations. The teams were accused of rigging games in order to get a favorable referee. The name Calciopoli came from an adaptation of Tangentopoli, which is the name that was given to some corruption-based clientelism. Juventus were essentially convicted of having an important relationship with the referee designators. But the FOGS were not able to prove that any direct match fixing happened. They only said that Juventus conditioned the league table. The stories said that Luciano Moggi, an important Italian football administrator and at the time of the incident Juventus’ administrator, controlling the entire league from the background. The FIGC never directly charge Juventus with an Article 6 violation, which involves match fixing. At the end the main charge was that Juventus only maintained a systematic influence over the referring designators. Another thing was that the refereeing designators said that they had had open communication wait all team presidents, but some of the presidents denied having contact with the refereeing designators. At the beginning the evidence wasn’t there to relegate Juventus, no witness, no wiretaps, and with only a short period of time for Juventus to prepare their defense. But it bears at the end that the court that relegates Juventus was a conflict of interest, because Guido Rossi, a CEO who has been on Inter’s Board Directors, ran Telecom Italia, the one who conducted the wiretaps. At the end the penalties were as follows:
1) Juventus were stripped of their 2005 and 2006 Serie A league titles, and on July 25th 2006 the Italian Football Federation award Inter de Milan the Serie A Championship for the 2005-2006 season. And more crucially, Juventus were thrown out of the UEFA Champions League competition and also it were relegated to Serie B. And It were deducted nine points on their relegation to Serie B during 2006/-2007 season. This resulted in an exodus of various players, including Fabio Cannavaro, Lillian Thuram and Zlatan Ibrahimovic. But this didn’t stop Juventus to win the Serie B Championship in 2006-2007 to secure their immediate return to Serie A. 2) For AC Milan were deducted 30 points from the 2005-2006 season and were originally thrown out of the 2006-2007 UEFA Champions League. But at the end Milan went on to lift the European Cup trophy the later that year. 3) Fiorentina were deducted 15 points during the 2006-2007 season, but overcome this deficit and finished sixth to secure a place in the UEFA Cup for the 2007-2008 competition. 4) Lazio were deducted 3 points during the 2006-2007 season, and were also thrown out of the 2006-2007 UEFA Cup competition. 5) Reggina were deducted fifteen points for the 2006-2007 season...
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