Community Health

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According to Alma Atta declaration V, “Governments have a responsibility for the health of their people which can be fulfilled only by the provision of adequate health and social measures. A main social target of governments, international organizations and the whole world community in the coming decades should be the attainment by all peoples of the world by the year 2000 of a level of health that will permit them to lead a socially and economically productive life. Primary health care is the key to attaining this target as part of development in the spirit of social justice.” This declaration was not attained because of HIV and AIDS pandemic which emerged during 1990s. This compromised health systems and every sector was affected and this generally affected our economy. World Health Organization (1978) “Primary Health Care is an essential health care; based on practical, scientifically sound, and socially acceptable method and technology; universally accessible to all in the community through their full participation; at an affordable cost; and geared toward self-reliance and self-determination.” Some fifty years after WHO defined primary health care, we have yet to fully integrate the vision into practice; thus, to work with or optimize primary health care as defined by the World Health Organization and mitigate or alleviate sub-optimal application of the principles is to understand that a coordinated approach to this complex, multi-faceted, inter-sectorial priority for transforming the health care system can only by explored through an interdisciplinary approach that engages all of the stakeholders in the process (individuals, communities, health care practitioners, decision-makers and policy makers). Primary Health Care has 5 principles which helps the flow of the department, these principles there are the same worldwide they do not change. So the writer wants to examine those five principles of PHC in relation to Zimbabwean situation. Below are the...
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