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Community Health Nursing
Community Description and Interpretation of Data
America’s Finest City, San Diego, California is located in the southern most county in California, San Diego County. “San Diego is the second largest city in California”, (Wikipedia, 2013). Bordered by Orange and Riverside Counties to the north, Imperial County to the east, the Pacific Ocean to the west, and Baja California, Mexico to the south. San Diego is known for it’s mild but, diverse climate. “Average temperatures are 60-80 degrees Fahrenheit, with more than 200 days above 70 degrees Fahrenheit. With warm dry summers and low rainfall averages of 9-13 inches, San Diego’s climate is described as semi-arid”, (San Diego Wikipedia entry, 2013). “Air quality in San Diego is ranked as good to moderate depending on what part of the city you live in. Downtown and the coastal regions tend to have moderate air quality where the outer regions of the city fall in the good category”, County of San Diego Air Pollution Control Distric website, 2013). “According to an article on NBC News, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency reports that San Diego is 9th of 10 cities with the worst drinking water in the nation. They report San Diego’s water system contained eight chemicals exceeding health guidelines”, (NBC News website, 2013). For this paper, I will mostly focus on the city of San Diego due to its high population. “City-Data.com lists the 2011 population of San Diego as 1,113,516 people with 50.5% males and 49.5% females. There are approximately 4,044 people per square mile in the city of San Diego. The median age is 33.6 years old, which is under California’s median age of 45.6 years old. San Diego has a diverse population with 45.1% being white only, 28.8% Hispanic, 15.6% Asian only, and 6.3% black only. The remaining portion of the population is 2 or more races, native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, American Indian, or other race. For community members over 15 years of age, 35% have never been married, 47.5% are currently married, and 17.5% being separated, widowed or divorced” (City data website, 2013). The San Diego History Center reports US Census data regarding population in the city increasing, 1.11 million in 1990 and 1.22 million in 2000 (San Diego History website, 2013). “The median household income in 2009 was $59,901 with the estimated median house or condo valued at $445,500. For community members over 25 years old, 82.8% have a high school or higher education, 35% have a Bachelor’s degree or higher, 13.4% have a Graduate or professional degree. Attributing to the amount of population with college degrees is the presence of many public and private colleges and universities, including University of California at San Diego, San Diego State University, University of San Diego, National University, San Diego City College, Point Loma Nazarene University, ITT Technical Institute, and many other institutions. Unemployment is at 6.1%” (City data website, 2013). The census bureau states 13% of San Diego County residents are below the poverty level (Quick facts US census bureau, 2013). “The Voice of San Diego reports that food stamp enrollment nearly triples in San Diego County from 83,000 in 2006 to 237,000 people in 2012 making the county the third-largest increase in food stamp enrollment in California”, (The Voice of San Diego website, 2012). “According to HomeAgainSD.org, current estimates put homeless San Diegans at about 8,500 conservatively. Others indicate it could be as high as 10,000”, (Home Again website, 2013). The reason for the difference is the difficulty in counting the hidden homeless, meaning folks who live with friends and family. “San Diego has the third largest homeless population in the nation, behind New York City and Los Angeles, and the largest percentage of...
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