The coconut palm, Cocos nucifera, is a member of the family Arecaceae (palm family). It is the only accepted species in the genus Cocos. The term coconut can refer to the entire coconut palm, the seed, or the fruit, which, botanically, is a drupe, not a nut. The spelling cocoanut is an archaic form of the word. The term is derived from 16th century Portugueseand Spanish cocos, meaning "grinning face", from the three small holes on the coconut shell that resemble human facial features. Found throughout the tropic and subtropics area, the coconut is known for its great versatility as seen in the many domestic, commercial, and industrial uses of its different parts. Coconuts are part of the daily diet of many people. Coconuts are different from any other fruits because they contain a large quantity of "water" and when immature they are known as tender-nuts or jelly-nuts and may be harvested for drinking. When mature they still contain some water and can be used as seednuts or processed to give oil from the kernel, charcoal from the hard shell and coir from the fibrous husk. The endosperm is initially in its nuclear phase suspended within the coconut water. As development continues, cellular layers of endosperm deposit along the walls of the coconut, becoming the edible coconut "flesh".When dried, the coconut flesh is called copra. The oil and milk derived from it are commonly used in cooking and frying; coconut oil is also widely used in soaps and cosmetics. The clear liquid coconut water within is a refreshing drink and can be processed to create alcohol. The husks and leaves can be used as material to make a variety of products for furnishing
Cocos nucifera trees, also known as coconut palms, are fruit-bearing tropical trees that are part of the Arecaceae family. The coconut, a round, brown-husked fruit produced by the coconut tree, is actually not a fruit or nut, but the tree's edible endosperm. The sweet, white flesh of the coconut fruit can be enjoyed fresh or used in cooking or baking. Each coconut palm tree can produce up to 75 coconut fruits per year. The sooner you plant your coconut palm, the sooner you and your family will be able to enjoy delicious, homegrown coconut.
Check to see if coconut palm trees will grow in your climate. A tropical fruit-bearing tree, the coconut palm grows best in warm climates. The United States Department of Agriculture has identified USDA plant hardiness zones 10 and 11 as being suitable for growing coconut palm trees. These areas have an average annual minimum temperature of 30 degrees F. Choose the planting location for your coconut palm tree. Take into account the size your tree will be when it reaches maturity when selecting your location. Coconut palm trees can grow up to 60 feet tall with a 25-foot spread. The location you choose for your coconut palm should also receive around seven hours of direct sunlight each day. The soil at your planting location can be amended to correct any deficiencies as long as it is well-draining. Pull up any grass, weeds or other unwanted vegetation at your planting location. Preexisting vegetation at your planting site can divert valuable nutrients and moisture from your tree, making it difficult for your tree to establish itself. Be sure to dig up the entire root systems of the weeds with a small shovel or you will have to pull the weeds again when they regrow. Amend the soil at your planting location by tilling organic material into the top 12 inches of soil. When selecting an organic material to amend your soil, aged manure, grass clippings and rotted leaves are all good choices. Work the organic materials into the soil until they are evenly distributed. This will infuse healthy soils with even more valuable nutrients and make poor soils more likely to produce successful growth. Dig a planting hole for your coconut palm tree that is at least twice as wide as your tree's root ball. The hole should be deep...