China

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“There is not Communism or Marxism, but representative democracy and social justice in a well-planned economy.” - Fidel Castro
China, a predicament of social injustice, has been debated upon its coercive form of government over decades now, by eminent scholars and experts, who have been discussing about China’s future in their everlasting debates regarding the stand China will ultimately have to take in the coming decades. The fact that makes China as such a controversial subject in the world is because of its combination of its incomparable history, though it initially followed the footsteps of the USSR, when the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) overthrew the Kuomintang (KMT or nationalist) regime under Sun Yat-Sen in 1949 and on the other hand, its ceaseless growth in its economy since the last three decades. This anomalous coupling has placed the citizens as well as the rest of the world in a dilemma as to where will China’s future eventually lie. The whole world is aware of the approaching reality that this country is in grave need for major policy changes in terms of political and economical reforms to survive in harmony. Lately, the inclination of the change in political system, from a communist state to a democratic state has shifted its course from the impossible to maybe possible. The constituents such as the social unrest due to various factors, environmental issues and the ever-widening income gap have enclosed the arguments and a dawn has broken off in a country where the possibilities were going negative. The Communist Party of the Soviet Union, which was in power for 69 years, and the Communist Party of China, which has been in power for the past 63 years - being the second largest country to be able to dominate the idea of communism, a revolutionary socialist movement over the country, both had several resemblances. Naming a few – highly educated leaders, immoral leaders, at initial stages the same Soviet-style command economy and so on. However, after a certain lapse of time, China began to emerge with its own unique Chinese modernization strategy under its eminent leader Mao. Soviet was characterized by static equilibrium and Chinese model was termed as dynamic equilibrium. This proved to be the main difference between the two communist states, that Soviet Union failed to adapt to its times. The three precise reasons for the downfall of the Soviet Union in 1991 are its “miscalculation of national identity, the lack of a strong connection between Soviet led bloc states, and having a leader that supported Western-Democracy more than Communism”. During the 1980s hardly anyone had faith in the Soviet Union and the whole idea of communism. Unlike the Soviet Union, China’s revolution and its victory back in 1949 was remarkably emotional due to the mass movement. Major part was played by the poor peasants, as the government provided self-defense, education agricultural cooperation, support for fulltime guerillas, and the mass movements sparked a feeling of belonging and having a stake in government. Owing to the fact that China has been under a number of leaders and its policies through them have significantly changed, the main aim of China in the long run ought to be how to maintain this faith of the public. Off late, however, China’s political institution has created significant amount of social unrest and the inequality is seen evidently among the people. China has no check in place on spending adequate amount on the social welfare of the country, which every country needs. Instead, the country’s paramount motto has been ‘growth at any cost’ and the country fails to have any such thing as ‘voice of the people’. This motto undeniably has done wonders in the past and still is maintaining that “image of a successful, authoritarian and developmental state” by sustaining impeccable international relations and being a member of the United Nations Security Council and the G-20, a group of major economies, as...
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