Cervical Cancer

Topics: Cancer, Oncology, Radiation therapy Pages: 2 (602 words) Published: January 20, 2013
Cervical cancer is a disease in which cancer cells develop in the tissues of the cervix. Cancer is not just one disease but a group of diseases that have in common the uncontrolled growth cells. A collection of any abnormal cells are known as a tumor. Cancer is diagnosed when a tumor is found to be spreadable. There are no signs or symptoms in the early stage of cervical cancer. Cervical cancer is very slow growing cancer and when caught early it can be treated successfully. When you get to the progressed stages of cervical cancer, there are many signs and symptoms. Lower back pain, pelvic pain, painful urinary infection, and increased urinary frequency are a couple of symptoms of cervical cancer. Getting a yearly pap smear are the best screening test currently available to evaluate the cells on the face of the cervix. There are screening tests for four kinds of cancer and one of the four kinds is cervical cancer so I would go get one done if you are female. Cervical cancer has multiple stages running from 0 to 4 with A and B steps for each except for 0. Stage 0 is where cancerous cervical cells have been detected bet have not spread the surrounding tissue, and is treated with a cone biopsy or a hysterectomy for more severe cases. Stage 1 is the cancer has grown into the cervical tissue. Then in stages 1A1 and 1A2 the invasion area is between 3mm and 5mm deep and less then 7mm wide. In stage 1B2 the cancer is longer then 4cm across and not usually spread and to get rid of it is surgery or radiotherapy. In stage 2 the cancer has started to spread into the surrounding tissues. Stage 2A the cancer has started to spread into the vagina but not in the womb. Stage 2b is usually treated with a combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The cancer has spread from the area surrounding the cervix is stage 3 and may have spread to the lower part of the vagina into the muscles and ligaments lining the pelvic wall or into the Ulster’s which are the tubes...
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