Cerebral Palsy and the Effects on the Family Introduction the Purpose of This Assignment Is to Explain Show the Experiences and Difficulties a Person with Cerebaral Palsy May Have and the

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  • Topic: Cerebral palsy, Muscle, Spasticity
  • Pages : 10 (3698 words )
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  • Published : October 31, 2010
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Cerebral palsy and the effects on the family

Introduction

The purpose of this assignment is to explain show the experiences and difficulties a person with cerebaral palsy may have and the effects that this may have on their family Information was collected by interviewing a friend of mine whose daughter was born with cp Mary is a 13 year old girl from from cork who lives with her parents and twin sister and older brother. She was born thirteen years ago, along with her twin sister two months premature after a somewhat complicated pregnancy, mary was born with cerebral palsy and is unable to write using pencil and paper and is wheelchair bound although she can walk with the aid of a walker.. Her family was concerned because she is falling behind at school and is unable to keep up on written course work. They were interested in increasing her independence as she had previously dictated all written work to family members and school personnel. She utilized dictation to another person as her main mode of writing. She is a very bright young girl.

Table of contents

What is Cerebral palsy

Cerebral palsy also known as CP is a condition caused by injury to the parts of the brain that control our ability to use our muscles and bodies. Cerebral affects the brain. Palsy means weakness or problems with using the muscles. Often the injury happens before birth, sometimes during delivery, soon after being born. CP can be mild, moderate, or severe. Mild CP may mean a child is clumsy. Moderate CP may mean the child walks with a limp. He or she may need a special leg brace or a cane. More severe CP can affect all parts of a child's physical abilities. A child with moderate or severe CP may have to use a wheelchair and other special equipment. Sometimes children with CP can also have learning problems, problems with hearing or seeing (called sensory problems), or intellectual disability, usually, the greater the injury to the brain, the more severe the CP. However, CP doesn't get worse over time, and most children with CP have a normal life span

http://www.nichcy.org (2009)

How is it diagnosed

Doctors diagnose cerebral palsy by testing a child’s motor skills and looking carefully at the child's medical history. In addition to checking for slow development, abnormal muscle tone, and unusual posture - a doctor also tests the child's reflexes and looks for early development of hand preference. Reflexes are movements that the body makes automatically in response to a specific cue. For example, if a new-born baby is held on its back and tilted so the legs are above its head, the baby will automatically extend its arms in a gesture, called the Moro reflex, that looks like an embrace. Babies normally lose this reflex after they reach 6 months, but those with cerebral palsy may retain it for abnormally long periods. This is just one of several reflexes that a doctor can check. Doctors can also look for hand preference -- a tendency to use either the right or left hand more often. When the doctor holds an object in front and to the side of the child, a child with hand preference will use the favoured hand to reach for the object, even when it is held closer to the opposite hand. During the first year, babies do not usually show hand preference. But babies with spastic hemiplegia, in particular, may develop a preference much earlier, since the hand on the unaffected side of their body is stronger and more useful. The next step in diagnosing cerebral palsy is to rule out other disorders that can cause movement problems. Most important, doctors must determine that the child's condition is not getting worse. Although its symptoms may change over time, cerebral palsy is not progressive. If a child is continuously losing motor skills, the problem is more likely to be genetic diseases, muscle diseases, disorders of metabolism, or tumours in the nervous system. The child's medical history, special diagnostic tests, and,...
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