TOPIC: THE ROLE OF PROJECT MANAGEMENT IN THE REALISATION OF ECONOMIC GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF EAST AFRICAN COMMUNITY. Definitions
Project management is the application of knowledge, skills, tools and techniques to protect activities in order to meet or exceed stakeholder’s needs and expectations from a project. Economic growth is the increase in the amount of the goods and services produced by an economy over time. Economic development generally refers to the sustained, concerted actions of communities that promote the standard of living and economic health of a specific area.
The East African Community (EAC) is a regional inter governmental organization established under Article 2 of the Treaty for the Establishment of the East African Community that entered into force in July 2000. (james, 2007)The Community has made significant progress during the last 10 years of integration. In particular, there is a much desired shift from the initial negative mind-set and little excitement on the integration process to strong political will that has catalyzed business confidence and improved people’s awareness about the benefits and costs of integration. The 1st Development Strategy covered the period 1997 -2000 and focused on the re-launching of EAC. The 2nd Development Strategy covered the period 2001 -2005 and mainly focused on the establishment of the EAC Customs Union and laying the groundwork for the Common Market. The 3rd Development Strategy 2006 – 2010 prioritized the establishment of the EAC Common Market and while the 4th Development Strategy covering the period July 2011 to June 2016 mainly focuses on the implementation of the EAC Common Market and the establishment of the EAC Monetary Union. (meredith) In most cases you find that these communities have visions and missions. The Brand of the East African Community is ‘‘One People, One Destiny’’.
Improvement in the quality of life and social well being of the East African people depends on the provision, affordability and access to good health services for the prevention and control communicable and non-communicable diseases, including HIV & AIDS. The key achievements include the strengthening of regional cooperation and integration in the health sector through the harmonization of national policies, legislation, strategies, standards, guidelines, databases and regulatory systems. (kerzner, 1984)Among the policies harmonized are pharmaceutical policies, food safety and quality policies, and disease surveillance, university medical and dental schools curricula, sexual and reproductive health policies. These were geared towards enhancing provision of regional health services, cross-border disease prevention and control.
2. Education, science and technology
Education is a critical sector whose performance directly affects and determines the equality and magnitude of the Community’s development. It is the most important means to develop human resources, impart appropriate skills, knowledge and attitudes. The main achievement under the education sector is the production of revised criteria in identifying centers of Excellence. (james, 2007) The human resource development initiative is being challenged by lack of a Regional Science and Technology Policy; inadequate mechanisms for regional collaboration and networking on research and technology development and innovations; duplication of efforts on HIV/AIDS research and constrained sensitization on HIV/AIDS; incomplete reform and harmonization of East African Education systems; and lack of an institutional framework for reforming examinations, certification and accreditation.
3. Gender, Community Development and Empowerment
This is the overall objective of mainstreaming gender and community development issues in the EAC policies, strategies and programme’s towards the attainment of sustainable economic growth and human development. The thrust of the challenges encountered...
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