The Big Three
In education there are three big ways to teaching. Behavioral Analysis, Humanism, and Constructivism play a major role in every school. While all three are different in nature, they all affect the way a teacher teaches, and in turn how the students learn.
Behavioral Analysis is the first of the three. Behavioral Analysis is derived from Skinner’s work with stimulus- response learning. The antecedent, a, behavior, b, and consequence, c model of behaviorism. The ABC model allows for the teacher to determine the condition that is causing the behavior that is destructive, interruptive, or disruptive, which leads to the consequence. The behavior can have consequence that are reinforcements or punishments. Reinforcements increase the probability of the behavior, while punishments decreases the probability of the behavior. Reinforcements can be positive or negative. Positive reinforcements are stimuli presented contingent on a response that increase the future probability of a response. A negative reinforcement are stimuli removed contingents on a response that increases the future probability of a response. Positive reinforcement is a gain, while a negative reinforcement is an escape.
The second of the big three is Humanism. The Humanist theory follows Maslow’s hierarchy. The bottom of this hierarchy is physiological needs; such as hunger or thirst. The next level is safety needs; including security and protection. The third tier of Maslow’s hierarchy is social needs; it is important to have a sense of belonging, and love. The fourth tier is esteems needs, self-esteem, recognition, and status fall into this category. The final tier is self-actualization. According to the Humanist thinking, all of these categories need to be fulfilled in the classroom. Humanism also draws from Karl Rogers. Rogers believes in a client-center learning. He also believes in personal growth as the most important, like Maslow, Rogers believes that self-actualization is...
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