THE ASSESSMENT OF INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS AND MUNICIPAL LAWS IN RELATION TO THE PROTECTION OF COASTAL ENVIRONMENT:
THE CASE OF DAR ES SALAAM TANZANIA
Christopher Elly Nsemwa
A Dissertation Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement for the Award of Masters of Laws (International Law) of Mzumbe University Mzumbe University
We the undersigned, certify that we have read and hereby recommend for acceptance by the Mzumbe University, a dissertation entitled The assessment of International Conventions and Municipal Laws in relation to the Protection of Coastal Environment; A Case of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. In partial fulfillment of the requirements for award of the degree of Master of International Law of Mzumbe University
Prof. Padma Sabaya
Accepted for the Board of Faculty of law
DEAN FACULT OF LAW
I, CHRISTOPHER ELLY NSEMWA, declare that this thesis is my own original work and that it HAS NOT been presented LIKEWISE WILL NOT be presented to any other university for a similar or any other degree award.
This dissertation is a copyright material protected under the Berne Convention, the Copyright Act 1999 and other international and national enactments, in that behalf, on intellectual property. It may not be reproduced by any means in full or in part, except for short extracts in fair dealings, for research or private study, critical scholarly review or discourse with an acknowledgement, without the written permission of Mzumbe University, on behalf of the author.
This work has been a result of contribution of many people as well as from various institutions dealing with environmental issues in Tanzania. That being the case it won’t be easy to mention all the names of fellow who have contributed to the presence of this work. However I request all whose name will not be mentioned hereunder, to accept my apology but in real sense I do recognize their contributions as such. On the other hand there names that I can’t avoid mentioning, and giving my sincere thanks: Firstly is my Father, Elly L. Nsemwa for his moral and material support for fulfillment of this work. Also my appreciation goes to my family in general my beloved wife, Hellen C. Nsemwa, my Daughter Rose Christopher, my Son Elly Christopher, for their pertinent and tolerance on my absent in the family, as I was away for data collection and report writing. However from the bottom of my heart I wish to thank my supervisor, Professor Padma Sabaya for spending her valuable time to supervise me, from the beginning of my research proposal up to this Juncture. Her scholarly guidance and help in finding materials; comments and valuable criticism have enabled me to come up with meaningful work, for the betterment of environmental protection. From the inner part of my heart I do appreciate her: Secondly I would like to acknowledge the material assistance which I received from Professor Khan Faculty of Law Mzumbe University, Dr. Gaston Kennedy of the Faculty of Law, University of Dar es Salaam. It would be unfair if I do not acknowledge my Employer Tanzania Peoples Defense Forces (TPDF) for financial support from the very beginning of my studies, up to this juncture. But also my sincere thanks goes to my beloved brothers Asifiwe Alinanusye, and Geofrey Mwansoho for their materials support which assisted me to come up with sound full work of this nature, and the whole research at large. My thanks also goes to Lawyers Environmental Action Team (LEAT) at Dar es Salaam, Centre for European Studies at Torino, Italy for allowing me to have access to the materials where I fetched relevant documents to my topic. Furthermore, I wish to recognize the help I...