Assessing the Solid Waste Management Practices of Information Technology Students of Iloilo Doctors’ College at Their Homes

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Assessing the Solid Waste Management Practices
of
Information Technology Students of Iloilo Doctors’ College at
their Homes

Diego Karlo S. Dosado
Jake J. Gabayeron
Raymond P. Ledesma
Rene Lorenz G. Rios
Regine S. Sarita
John Marco L. Soquera

Introduction
The overall challenge of sustainability is to avoid crossing irreversible thresholds that damage the life systems of earth while creating long-term economic, political, and moral arrangements that secure the wellbeing of present and future generations (Orr, 2005). A factor that could worsen the environmental crisis is the increasing accumulation of solid wastes which either have no counterpart in nature or which have not been properly disposed (Arias, 1998). Solid wastes have been identified as one of the most important environmental problems of urbanization. For an urban center with rapid urban migration, poor solid waste management practices are considered as disastrous activities. It has been observed that Iloilo City which is classified as highly urbanized city in Iloilo, Philippines, is now facing solid wastes problem resulting to a lot of environmental problems such as flood, pollution, congestion and others. This is due to the existence of the fast-growing industries in the city, which encourage the rural people to flock in the city for better employment opportunities. Alarmed by this problem, the Local Government Units (LGUs) have realized the need to improve the methods and ways in handling the solid wastes to ensure protection of public health and environment from any harm caused by these wastes. The Republic Act 9003 also known as the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000, which stipulates the need to adopt a systematic, comprehensive and ecological solid waste management programs which shall ensure proper segregation, collection, transport, storage, treatment and disposal of solid waste through the formulation and adoption of the best environmental practices in ecological waste management excluding incineration. Those wastes must be deposited in Sanitary Landfill to ensure protection of public health and environment. The barangay shall be responsible for the collection, segregation, recycling of biodegradable, recyclable, compostable and reusable wastes. Material Recovery Facilities (MRFs) will be established in every barangay or cluster of barangays (Section 1 of Rule XI of the IRR 9003). The LGUs shall be primarily responsible for the implementation and enforcement of the provisions of this Act within their respective jurisdictions (RA 7160, otherwise known as the Local Government Code). Segregation and collection of solid waste shall be conducted at the barangay level specifically for biodegradable, compostable and reusable wastes provided, that the collection of non-recyclable materials and special wastes shall be the responsibility of the municipality or city (Section 10 of RA 9003). This paper provides an analysis of the solid waste management program of Bacolod City in Negros Occidental, Philippines. Abstract

This paper highlights the results of the study that was conducted to analyze the solid waste management practices of the waste generators, and the extent of their compliance with the Republic Act 9003, otherwise known as the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000. The study was conducted in Iloilo Doctors’ College at Iloilo, Philippines in 2012. The study utilized the descriptive method of research and employed survey research to gather data. The findings of this study served as basis in developing a handbook on solid waste management. Research findings showed that the waste generators do not practice waste segregation. Dumping of wastes in the streets, rivers and open drainage are often practiced. The respondents do not also practice recycling of wastes because of the lack of facilities and lack of support from the local government units. Thus, this study indicates that the local government units do not...
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