Archimedes Background/Upbringing
Archimedes was one of the most known and respected mathematicians of ancient Greece. He was born between the years of 290 and 280 BCE in Syracuse, Sicily which is currently known as Italy. His death took place in Syracuse, Sicily between the years of 212 and 211 BCE. In autumn of 212 or the spring of 211 Syracuse was taken over by Roman General Marcus Claudius Marcellus (Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d). It was during the cities take over that Archimedes was killed. There is rumors about what lead up to a Roman solider killing him. Some historians believe his death was due to Archimedes not willing to give up his mathematical diagrams of mirrors that would burn the Roman ships. The exact years of his birth and death are uncertain, but Greek historian John Tzetes believes he lived to be 75 years old (“Archimedes”, n.d). Archimedes father was named Phidias who was an astronomer. His mother’s name is unknown, but there is belief that Archimedes is related to the Ruler of Syracuse King Hiero II. There are currently not many documents of Archimedes upbringing. In fact there is only one record of his life that was written by his friend Heracleides. Unfortunately this biography was lost. Education

Archimedes was not only a mathematician but also a physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer (“Archimedes”, n.d). Archimedes thought of himself as first a mathematician and secondly an inventor, his other qualities where simply additional characteristics. He received his knowledge by spending most of his life studying in Syracuse but did spend some time in Alexandria and Egypt possibly with another ancient mathematician known as Euclid. Besides Euclid, Archimedes partnered with other mathematicians of his time. These mathematicians are Conon of Samos and Eratosthenes of Cyrene. Along with studying with these individuals, Archimedes published some of his works in correspondence with them. These published essays include The method of...

...Dominic Sachs
2nd block
Archimedes
Inventions of ArchimedesArchimedes area of expertise was inventions and coming up with great ideas. He was a very smart person, and had invented some useful inventions for human kind for what is still used today. BC. He was a physicist, engineer, inventor, astronomer and a Greek mathematician. Archimedes is one of the greatest math mathematicians of all time. He has been given credit for the invention of the lever even though it was used thousand of years before his time despite the fact that he did not invent it. He only gave an explanation of the principal involved in his work. Once He had made the statement “If I were to have a place to stand, I would be able to move the entire earth”.
Another invention Archimedes had invented was the Archimedes screw. This invention helps to bring water from lower areas to higher grounds by a rotating screw inside a tube constantly. The water is forced out the tube even though the water is at lower ground. This invention is also used today.
Also an interesting invention Archimedes invented was the Heat Ray. This was used to destroy enemy ships by catching a part of the ship on fire then having it burn all the way down. People have tested this invention out to see if it was true for example, in 1973 a Greek scientist Ioannis Sakkas but had failed. In 2006 the Mythbusters had...

...Michael Gray
Biography of a Mathematician
Archimedes, one of the greatest mathematicians, engineers, physicist, inventors, and astronomer's in history. Ranked with the likes of Isaac Newton and Carl Gauss, Archimedes contributions to math include the area of geometry, number theory, algebra, and theorems of plane.
Birth
Archimedes was born in Syracuse, Greece on the island of Sicily in 287 BC. Son of Pheidias, a well-known astronomer, and research showing that Archimedes is thought to be a relative of King Hiero II. King Hiero II questioned a crown made for him. Archimedes studied the crown and discovered the purity of the gold in the crown. Archimedes was sitting in a bath house, watching water running from the crown of King Hiero II, observing the pattern of the water, Archimedes figured the excess of bulk with the introduction of certain alloys can be measured by placing the crown with an equal weight of gold in a separate container filled with water. This observation showed the difference of overflow; and the birth of the Archimedes Screw.
Education
Phidias, Archimedes father did not want his son in Syracuse during the times of war, living a life of luxury, Archimedes was allowed o peruse the finer things in life, education. Greek families at the time wanted children to be knowledgeable, knowledge at that time was...

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Antonio Resendiz
Mrs. Frenzel
05/08/15
Algebra II
ArchimedesArchimedes was born in the city of Syracuse on the island of Sicily in 287 BC. He was the son of an astronomer and mathematician named Phidias. Some historians say that his family belonged to the nobility of Syracuse, and that his family was in some way related to that of Hiero II, King of Syracuse. Syracuse was the city Archimedes live, Syracuse was a hub of commerce, art and science. As a youth in Syracuse Archimedes developed his natural curiosity and penchant for problem solving. When Archimedes was done learning new things in Syracuse, he then decided to traveled to Egypt in order to study in Alexandria. He made this decision because Alexandria had earn a reputation for great learning and was highly advanced society by Archimedes standards.
Archimedes was also an engineer, inventor and astronomer.Archimedes was best known throughout most of history for his military innovations like his siege engines and mirrors to harness and focus the power of the sun, as well as levers, pulleys and pumps . But his most famous invention was his screw pump, known as the Archimedes' Screw. This innovation is still use in many parts of the world for irrigation. But what really made Archimedes happy was his true passion for mathematics. Historians know this because of a discovery in 1906 of...

...Archimedes of Syracuse (287 BC – 212 BC) was a Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer. Archimedes is generally considered to be the greatest mathematician of antiquity and one of the greatest of all time. He used the method of exhaustion to calculate the area under the arc of a parabola with the summation of an infinite series, and gave a remarkably accurate approximation of pi. He also defined the spiral bearing his name, formulae for the volumes of solids of revolution, and an ingenious system for expressing very large numbers. Archimedes had proven that the sphere has two thirds of the volume and surface area of the cylinder and regarded this as the greatest of his mathematical achievements.
Some of Archimedes' greatest writings are preserved on a palimpsest which has been rediscovered and properly studied only since 1998.
Although Newton may have been the most important mathematician, and Gauss the greatest theorem prover, it is widely accepted that Archimedes was the greatest genius who ever lived.The works of Archimedes were written in Doric Greek, the dialect of ancient Syracuse.[53] The written work of Archimedes has not survived as well as that of Euclid, and seven of his treatises are known to have existed only through references made to them by other authors. Pappus of Alexandria mentions On Sphere-Making and another work on...

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The Life of ArchimedesArchimedes was a Greek mathematician, a scientist, and a skilled inventor who was born around 287 B.C. in the seaport city of Syracuse, Sicily. It has been said that since his father was an astronomer, Archimedes inherited his fathers interest for mathematics, science, and inventions, however his biggest interest was in Geometry. In his lifetime not only was he was able to create a ton of helpful inventions, he also discovered how to find the volume of a sphere, determine the exact value of Pi, created the Principle of Buoyancy, and also created Scientific Notation (Powers of Ten). He took great pride in his work and there were times where he became so in depth with his work, he often forgot to bathe or eat and some would say his real hunger was to learn! Archimedes became famous for many things and he has come to be known as one of the biggest contributors to today's mathematics. He was often called “the wise one”, “the master”, and also “the great geometer” by his peers.
One of Archimedes' many accomplishments was “The Archimedes Screw” which was created to fulfill the needs of his king and good friend, King Hieron II. Archimedes was his military adviser and his job was to create useful tools as well as build things. One day King Hieron commissioned Archimedes to design a luxury ship of sorts which came to be known as “The...

...Archimedes’ Principle
Abstract
The purpose of this experiment was to investigate the Archimedes’ Principle for objects of different densities and use the principle to determine the density of a golf ball. The weight of rubber stopper and the wood cube were measured in the air by using the force sensor. When the objects were submerged in the water, the apparent weight of the objects was measure with the force sensor and the volume of the displaced water were measure with a graduated cylinder. These same procedure was used to obtain weight and apparent weight of the golf ball. The weight of the displaced water when the rubber stopper was submerged was 1.94 N. Buoyant force obtained was 1.96 N and 2.14 N with a percent discrepancy of 0.97% and 9.30% respectively. The weight of the displaced water by the object was 1.14 N. The buoyant force was 1.14 N and 1.24 N with a percent discrepancy of 0.0% and 8.39%, respectively. The density of the golf ball was 1201.50 kg/m3. The theoretical values of the golf ball was 1130 kg/m3. The percent discrepancy was 6.19%. The percent discrepancy between the predicted mass and the experimental mass of the beaker, water, and golf ball was 0.056% which indicates an accurate prediction. The objective of the experiment was successfully met, investigators were able to confirm that the object is buoyed up by a force equal to the weight of the water displaced by the object.
Objective
The purpose of...

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10/24/13
THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONS OF ENZYMES
Enzymes are extremely important to the human body and its ability to function. An enzyme itself is a protein made by the body’s cells to act as catalyst, speeding up chemical reactions in the cell. It does this by taking the reactants, or the elements or compounds that enter into the chemical reaction, in this situation referred to as substrates, and breaking apart their bonds so that new ones can form. The three types of enzymes are digestive enzymes, food enzymes, and metabolic enzymes. Metabolic enzymes are found all throughout the body, helping grow new cells and maintaining tissues. They are made to do what it takes to keep the body healthy. Food enzymes are found naturally in the food we eat, when raw, but are destroyed at high temperatures, a reason why we cook food. Digestive enzymes are found in the body’s organs, but could also be considered a metabolic enzyme. They, obviously, deal with digestion, very much like food enzymes. A difference in the two is one comes from an external source while the other doesn’t. We do know that we do not, in fact, have an everlasting supply of enzymes. Instead, in an example concerning digestive enzymes, “Researchers now know that we lose.. enzymes through sweat and body waste.” (EnzymeEssentials 2013). An example of an enzyme found in the human body would be lactase, an protein that breaks down lactose, or milk sugars....

...A Eurosta solidaginis, also known as the Golden Rod Gall Fly, is an insect that lives in a Solidago atlissma/ canadis. The female Gall Fly has an ovipositor which implants eggs in the Golden Rod plant. Eggs are implanted by the mother onto the apical meristem. At the apical meristem the larva releases a chemical that stimulates the host goldenrod which in return forms the gall (Abrahamson, Kenneth, McCrea, Whitwell, and Vernieri 1991). The gall acts as a protective barrier for the Eurosta Solidagnis. The larva transforms from larvae to pupa in the gall. The Eurosta solidaginis predators include other insects and birds. The ovipositon, which is the placing of the eggs, occurs in mid- late May (Abrahamson, Sattler, McCrea, and Weis 1989). The gall start to appear about 3 weeks after the oviposition, and they finish growing, reaching their full size three to four weeks later. The larva enters a diapause in late September and later in the year around March or April the gall fly larva pupates (Abrahamson et al. 1989). The Galls provide protection for the larva against non-specialized predators. However these galls are still not enemy free.
The Eurosta solidaginis is not the only organism that emerged from the Golden Rod gall. Three other organisms were also emerged from the galls. Cane and Kurczewski (1976) found that two types of Eurytoma and one type of Mordellista inhabit the galls. These three organisms are known as some of nature’s specialized predators toward the...