
Leonhard Euler
A short biography

Jessica Fleming
3/4/2013

Leonhard Euler (15 April, 1707 18 September, 1783) was a Swiss mathematician and physicist. Born in Basel Switzerland, later moved to neighboring town, Riehen, Euler attended a rather poor school that taught no mathematics. His father having studied theology at the University of Basil managed to teach him some, which ignited an interest in Euler for the subject and at just 14, he began attending the University of Basil studying philosophy and theology. He completed these studies in 1726. Leonhard Euler: The first St Petersburg years by R. Calinger summarizes this time period flawlessly. “... after 1730 he carried out state projects dealing with cartography, science education, magnetism, fire engines, machines, and ship building. ... The core of his research program was now set in place: number theory; infinitary analysis including its emerging branches, differential equations and the calculus of variations; and rational mechanics. He viewed these three fields as intimately interconnected. Studies of number theory were vital to the foundations of calculus, and special functions and differential equations were essential to rational mechanics, which supplied concrete problems.” However, the publication of his book Mechanica in 1736 was the beginning of Euler’s major mathematical discoveries. Making a plethora of contributions to calculus, topology, and many other areas of mathematics has earned him vast recognition throughout our society even today. For example Euler’s Identity: eip+1=0. According to Isaac M. McPhee, this equation is “…considered to be one of the most beautifully elegant equations ever derived from the fundamental constants.” Euler’s number e is also a very important irrational, fundamental constant in mathematics. This contribution has aided in understanding the continuous growth of compound interest. In the field of topology, Euler was able to solve a...
...LeonhardEuler (17071783) Switzerland
Euler may be the most influential mathematician who ever lived (though some would make him second to Euclid); he ranks #77 on Michael Hart's famous list of the Most Influential Persons in History. His colleagues called him "Analysis Incarnate." Laplace, famous for denying credit to fellow mathematicians, once said "Read Euler: he is our master in everything." His notations and methods in...
...LeonhardEulerLeonhardEuler, (born April 15, 1707, died Sept. 18, 1783), was the most
prolific mathematician in history. His 866 books and articles represent about
one third of the entire body of research on mathematics, theoretical physics,
and engineering mechanics published between 1726 and 1800. In pure mathematics,
he integrated Leibniz's differential calculus and Newton's method of fluxions
into mathematical analysis; refined...
...LeonhardEuler, a Swiss mathematics and physics genius, was born on April 15, 1707 in Basel Switzerland, and died on September 18, 1783 in Saint Petersburg. Before he died he has done many great things. He introduced mathematical notations, shorthand trigonometric functions, and the idea of function and how it is written(f(x)). He also invented the symbol pi (π) for the ratio of a circle's circumference to its diameter, the ‘e’ for the base of the natural...
...LeonhardEulerEuler, Leonhard (170783), Swiss mathematician, whose major work was done in the
field of pure mathematics, a field that he helped to found. Euler was born in
Basel and studied at the University of Basel under the Swiss mathematician
Johann Bernoulli, obtaining his master's degree at the age of 16. In 1727, at
the invitation of Catherine I, empress of Russia, Euler became a member of the...
...LeonhardEuler (/ˈɔɪlər/ oiler;[2] German pronunciation: [ˈɔʏlɐ] ( listen), local pronunciation: [ˈɔɪlr̩] ( listen); 15 April 1707 – 18 September 1783) was a pioneering Swiss mathematician and physicist. He made important discoveries in fields as diverse as infinitesimal calculus and graph theory. He also introduced much of the modern mathematical terminology and notation, particularly for mathematical analysis, such as the notion of amathematical function.[3] He...
...Euler and Hamiltonian Circuits
As I type this sentence millions of students all over the country are in their math class either a) struggling to open their eyelids or b) tapping their fingers due to boredom and impatience. They have all failed to understand how the topic would later come of use. Although mathematics may seem to be “unnecessary” it teaches our brains to strategize, and think differently through the use of trial and error and problem solving. Most individuals...
...LeonhardEulerLeonhardEuler was born on the fifteenth day of April in the year seventeen hundred and seven, in Basel, Switzerland. He was considered one of the best scientists, and mathematicians to ever walk on the planet earth. He created over nine hundred publications, and was a member of the prestigious Petersburg Academy of Sciences. His studies include topics on shipbuilding, acoustics, optics, astronomy, mechanics, and...
...Paul Euler and Margaret Brucker gave birth to a son and named him Leonhard. When Leonhard was one year old he and his family moved to Riehen. It was in Riehen where Leonhard was brought up. Leonhard's father had some mathematical training from the University of Basel where he had studied theology. Paul was able to teach Leonhard elementary math and other subjects. Leonhard was later sent to live with his...