Analyse the Causes of Poverty in the World and Evaluate Attempts to Address it on a Global Scale
Poverty is the state of being extremely poor and being inferior in quality. Nearly half of the world’s population, nearly 3 billion people, live on less than two dollars a day and the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the poorest 48 nations is less than the wealth of the world’s three richest people combined. Poverty can be caused by many issues particularly social and economic reasons. There have been many attempts to address poverty on a global scale and these will be explored.
Firstly, a country’s poverty level is affected by overpopulation and can depend on the population density and its agricultural ability. For example, in Bangladesh, there is the one of the highest population densities, 2,791 persons per square mile. The majority of people living in Bangladesh partake in low productivity manual farming which contributes to its high level of poverty. Comparatively, in Western Europe, countries such as Belgium and the Netherlands also have high population densities but use mechanised farming and high-tech industries which is one reason why they have a high standard of living. On the other hand, many parts of Sub-Saharan Africa have very low population densities, 80 persons per square mile. Here they use manual subsistence farming, in an area where the land is infertile and they have a lack of resources in terms of technology to boost its productivity. Hence, these areas are very poor. Similarly, the US has a low population density but a high agricultural productivity and is one of the world’s wealthiest nations. Additionally, in developing countries, high birth rates further contribute to overpopulation. Children are considered assets as they provide labour for farming families. Furthermore, governments of developing countries provide little for family planning or the use and availability of birth control. This causes poverty because there are more people...
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