An Assessment of Youth-Focused Skill Development and Employment Enhancement Endeavours: Comparative Studies in Eastern and Southern Africa

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Organization for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa

A Research Project Proposal (Revised)

Project Title: An Assessment of Youth-focused Skill Development and Employment Enhancement Endeavours: Comparative Studies in Eastern and Southern Africa

By: Abraraw Tesfaye, Research Programme Assistant

July, 2010

Table of Contents
Contents Page TABLE OF CONTENTS ………………………………………………...….…..ii LIST OF FIGURES AND TABLES ……………………………………………iii ACRONYMS …………………………………………………………….…......iii 1. INTRODUCTION ……………………………………………………….………2 1. Background …………………………………………………………….…….2 2. The Concept of Youth ……………………………………………….………3 3. The Concept and Scope of TVET ……………………………………..…….4 4. An Overview of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises .…..…….….……….5 2. RESEARCH PROBLEM AND RATIONALES...…………….……….………..7 1. Problem Statement ……………………………………………...…….……..7 2. Rationales ……………………………….………………………………….13 3. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY ……………………………….………………15 1. General Objective ………………………………………………………..…15 2. Specific Objectives …………………………………………………………15 4. CONCEPTUAL AND THEORETICAL FRAMEWORKS…………………....16 1. Conceptual Framework…………………………………………………… 2. Theoretical Framework.…………………………………………………… 5. METHODOLOGY …………………………………………………………..…17 1. Study Population and Sampling …………………………………………....17 2. Research Design, Methods and Variables…………………………………18 3. Units of Study ………………………………………………..…………….18 4. Research Questions and Instruments…..………………………………….19 5. Data Organization, Analysis and Presentation …………………….…..…20 6. RESEARCH TEAMS …………………………………………………...…….20 7. COUNTRIES TO BE INVOLVED IN THE RESEARCH PROJECT…......…21 8. FOLLOW-UP, MONITORING AND REPORTING………..…………..........21 9. EXPECTED RESULTS AND DISSEMINATION ……………………......…22 10. BENEFICIARIES ………………………………………………………….….22 11. PROJECT SCHEDULE ………………………………………………….……23 12. PROPOSED BUDGET ……………………………………………………….23 REFERENCES ………………………………………………………….........25 LIST OF FIGURES AND TABLES

Figure 1: The Crucial Roles of TVET in War Affected Communities Figure 2: The Conceptual Framework for the Study
Table 1: List of OSSREA National Chapters Selected for the Research Project Table 2: Budget Required for the Research Project
Table 3: Schedule for the Research Project Activities

ACRONYMS
1. AIDS: Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome
2. AU: African Union
3. CIS: Commonwealth of Independent States (Eurasian Region) 4. FGD: Focus Group Discussion
5. HIV: Human Immuno-deficiency Virus
6. ILO: International Labour Organization
7. MDGs: Millennium Development Goals
8. MFIs: Microfinance Institutions
9. ND: Not Dated (Date or year of publication not indicated) 10. NGOs: Non-governmental Organizations
11. OSSREA: Organization for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa 12. SMEs: Small and Medium-sized Enterprises
13. TVET: Technical and Vocational Education and Training
14. UN: United Nations
15. UNECA: United Nations Economic Commission for Africa
16. UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

1. INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background
Young people make up more than 50 percent of the population of Africa (UNECA, 2002), and thus constitute a potential resource for economic growth and social development if gainfully and productively engaged. In contrast, they could also be a source of devastating social tension and conflict if not managed well. The high number of jobless young people on the streets of major African cities bears ample witness to the limitedness of job opportunities for the African youth; yet, the development of the...
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