Agricultural Economics

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EUROPEAN COMMISSION
DIRECTORATE-GENERAL FOR AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT

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International aspects of agricultural policy

BACKGROUND DOCUMENT
FOR THE ADVISORY GROUP ON INTERNATIONAL ASPECTS OF AGRICULTURE

30 January 2012 Updated 1 June 2012

INTERNATIONAL ASPECTS OF AGRICULTURAL POLICY, UPDATED 1.6.2012

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1.1. 1.2. 1.3. 1.4. 2.1. 2.2. 2.3. 2.4. 3.1. 3.2. 3.3. 3.4. 3.5. 4.1. 4.2. 4.3. 4.4. 4.5. 5.1. 5.2. 5.3. 6.1. 6.2. 6.3. 6.4. 6.5. 6.6. 7.1. 7.2. 7.3. 7.4. 7.5. 7.6. 7.7. 8.1. 8.2. 8.3. 8.4. 8.5.

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SECTION 1 EU AGRICULTURE POLICY IN A CHANGING WORLD ______________________ 4 The international dimension of agricultural policy ________________________________4 Volatility and uncertainty ____________________________________________________5 EU agricultural policy in 2012_________________________________________________5 New reform proposals _______________________________________________________6 EU export performance ______________________________________________________8 EU competitiveness, value-added and commodities; ______________________________11 EU's import performance ___________________________________________________11 Consumers and EU industry _________________________________________________12 Agriculture in the WTO_____________________________________________________14 Tackling food security: G8 and G20 ___________________________________________17 Sustainability of world agriculture: twenty years after Rio ________________________18 International aspects of biofuels policy_________________________________________19 Global partnerships ________________________________________________________20 Agriculture and developing countries__________________________________________22 EU trade in agricultural products with developing countries ______________________23 Impact of CAP on developing countries ________________________________________25 Relations with Africa, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) _____________________________27 Agriculture policy instruments for development _________________________________30 Enlargement of the EU: the agricultural dimension ______________________________33 European neighbours _______________________________________________________37 Middle East _______________________________________________________________43 US and Canada ____________________________________________________________45 Central America ___________________________________________________________47 Mercosur _________________________________________________________________48 Mexico ___________________________________________________________________49 Chile _____________________________________________________________________50 Andean Countries __________________________________________________________50 ASEAN___________________________________________________________________51 China and Hong Kong ______________________________________________________52 South Korea ______________________________________________________________52 India_____________________________________________________________________53 Japan ____________________________________________________________________54 Australia _________________________________________________________________55 New Zealand ______________________________________________________________56 The EU's strength in value-added goods _______________________________________58 Quality products and quality policy outside the EU ______________________________59 Standards_________________________________________________________________61 Non-tariff measures in export markets_________________________________________63 Promotion campaigns in export markets _______________________________________64

SECTION 2 MAIN FEATURES OF EU AGRICULTURAL TRADE ________________________ 8

SECTION 3 MULTILATERAL _______________________________________________ 14

SECTION 4 CAP AND DEVELOPMENT ________________________________________ 22

SECTION 5...
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